Current Cites (Digital Library SunSITE)

Volume 5, no. 12, December 1994

Edited by Teri Andrews Rinne

The Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94720
ISSN: 1060-2356  -

Contributors: John Ober, Margaret Phillips, Richard Rinehart, Teri Rinne, Roy Tennant

[ Electronic Publishing ] [ Multimedia and Hypermedia ] [ Networks and Networking ][ Optical Disc Technology ][ General ]

Electronic Publishing

"Policy, Issues, and Networked Information" Serials Review 20(3) (1994):7-37. -- This issue has a special section of four articles devoted to the broad topic of the title:

* Bailey, Charles W., Jr. "Scholarly Electronic Publishing on the Internet, the NREN, and the NII: Charting Possible Futures" -- Bailey discusses various models of scholarly electronic publishing, goals for an electronic publishing system, the role of commercial publishers, and what will be required to build a network-based scholarly publishing system.

* Jankowska, Maria Anna. "Printed Versus Electronic: Policy Issues in the Case of the Environmental Journal"

* Lynch, Clifford A. "Scholarly Communication in the Networked Environment: Reconsidering Economics and Organizational Missions" -- Lynch begins by discussing the changing economics of publication in the networked environment, followed by a look at various missions of organizations involved in publishing (not all are commercial outfits), and then wraps up with a discussion of new models of information dissemination.

* Reich, Vicky and Mark Weiser. "Libraries are More Than Information: Situational Aspects of Electronic Libraries" -- Reich and Weiser argue that libraries provide much more than information, and that therefore any consideration of electronic libraries should pay heed to the situational functions libraries serve in our communities.

In addition, should you wish for a case study, you need go no further than a separate article in the same issue:

* Willis, Katherine, "TULIP - The University Licensing Program: Experiences at the University of Michigan" -- A description of how the University of Michigan provided access to the set of journals provided to them and other research universities in electronic form. Although it may be more instructive to compare all nine research library projects to provide access to these journals, as no two are entirely alike, the University of Michigan experience is nonetheless useful as a case study. -- RT

Hypermedia and Multimedia

Popovic, Mike. "Get Your Macintosh Organized" Imaging Magazine 3(12)(December 1994):34-43. -- Many libraries and museums may already have several Macintosh workstations, and maybe even a scanner in the design office. They may still hesitate at creating a full-fledged imaging system because it implies buying new Unix workstations and training staff in a new operating system as well as new imaging database managers (in addition to the image manipulation software such as Photoshop). The hurdle is not so immense actually, and there are several serviceable options for creating an image database without a lot of money. This article reviews many of the commercial options specifically for the Mac (but also DOS) platforms for creating imaging workstations and management servers using regular desktop Macs. As is usual with Imaging Magazine, they are thorough with the details and contact information. -- RR

Pinchbeck, Daniel. "State of the Art" Wired 2(12) (December 1994) :157-8, 206-8. -- This article explores the impact of digital technologies on the art world, specifically on the traditional forums for art sale and viewing - galleries and museums. The author goes a step beyond describing the Internet as a mere publication forum for museum events and exhibits, to describing it as a medium for the creation of new kinds of art. It is this new, conceptual and digital art that he argues will profoundly affect an art community centered around the sale and view of unique, monolithic "masterworks". The apocolyptic effect is perhaps overstated in that many artists will of course continue to create unique physical pieces. He does note however that the Internet will allow a new open and non-formal forum for disseminating this new art, and predicts that while galleries will shy away from such art as non-salable, museums may take the lead in 'hosting' such art in keeping with their more educational mission. -- RR

Networks and Networking

Gillespie, Robert G. "Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Internet Pricing (But Were Afraid to Ask)" Educom Review 29(6) (November/December 1994):42-43.

Roberts, Michael. "Why is the Internet so Cheap?" Educom Review 29(6) (November/December 1994):6-8.

-- Taken together these two articles satisfy the curiosity that nearly all Internet users express one time or another - "who pays for all of this?" Roberts' article clearly enumerates the attributes that make the Internet inexpensive. In so doing he usefully compares the Internet to the telephone network and also warns us of changes that will threaten the historic pricing structure regardless of public policy decisions and debate. Gillespie presents his material as a series of questions and answers, the first of which explains the distribution of real costs in academic institutions where use appears as if it is "free." -- JLO

Jones, Russ. "Creating Clickable Image Maps" O'Reilly & Associates, (Fall 1994):6-8. -- This "feature article" from O'Reilly's catalog is actually an excerpt from their new book Managing Internet Information Services by Cricket Liu, et al. The straightforward text is basically a tutorial covering one of the most complex yet powerful features of html and World-Wide Web documents--in-line clickable images. The demand is rising for accessible, high-quality information about creating Web resources, and, in typical O'Reilly fashion, this article and the book from which it is excerpted arrives in timely response. A complimentary copy of the catalog can be requested from An electronic version of the catalog and the article can be found at [] -- JLO

Pasicznyuk, Robert W. "Internet Resources for the Space Sciences" College & Research Libraries News 55(11) (December 1994):725-26. -- NASA's commitment to making information as widely available as possible means that there is an unusual wealth of information sources in the space sciences available on the Internet. These sources include a wide array of text, auditory and graphic information. As a general guide to resources on the space sciences, this article provides references to both multimedia information centers and relevant news and discussion groups. -- MP

Schankman, Larry. "How to Become an Internet Power User" College & Research Libraries News 55(11) (December 1994): 718-721. -- Despite its mock inspirational tone, this article provides practical guidelines that information professionals should follow in order to consider themselves Internet savvy. The author suggests, among other things, that librarians should maintain a positive attitude about the quantity and diversity of information on the Net and should keep up-to-date on the emerging technologies and issues related to it. An accompanying sidebar includes references to Internet guides that can be downloaded as well a list of Internet lists and other resources for keeping up-to-date. -- MP

Weider, C. and P. Deutsch. "A Vision of an Integrated Internet Information Service" Request For Comments (RFC) 1727. Available at RFC repositories including anonymous ftp at internet/documents/rfc/rfc1727.txt). -- This is an excellent document to read for those who would like to have a window into the process of developing Internet protocols. Produced by the Integration of Internet Information Resources Working Group of the Internet Engineering Task Force, the document lays out a vision of how services might be integrated over the next few years. There is a mixture of plain talk about functionality with details about requirements that would have to be met in order to realize an integration of Internet services. The document gives those who wonder about future developments some useful facts to ponder as well as an insight into how such discussions are codified and put into the protocol development stream. -- JLO

Optical Disc Technology

Fritz, Mark. "CD-i: The Training Machine?" CD-ROM Professional 7(6) (November/December 1994):125-135. -- Fritz poses the question "Is CD-i (Compact Disc-interactive) a dodo breathing its last breath or a phoenix on the rise?" in this frank and comprehensive overview of the technology's training applications. Recently a number of large companies, such as Chrysler, Johnson & Johnson, Proctor & Gamble, Kentucky Fried Chicken, and Texaco have joined together in an ambitious CD-i production and distribution co-op. CD-i is a particularly attractive option as a training platform/medium because it is portable, the CD-i players can be plugged into the ubiquitous television set, and it delivers both video and interactivity. -- TR

Guenette, David R. and Paul Nicholls. "CD-ROM and Multimedia Industry Newsletters" CD-ROM Professional 7(6) (November/December 1994):154-161. -- The authors have compiled a resource directory covering CD-ROM and multimedia industry trade newsletters. "Industry" is defined to include the CD-ROM publishers, developers, distributors, investors, and all others involved in some part of the process of planning, financing, creating, producing, promoting, and selling CD-ROM, as well as the information profession working in libraries, information centers, and MIS, and marketers and advertisers, trainers, and educators who use CD-ROM and multimedia titles professionally. The authors encourage the reader to view a newsletter as falling some- where between a publication and a consulting company, with subscribers as the clients. A short description of the newsletter and its intended audience along with subscription and price information is included for each entry. -- TR

Kalstrom, David. "CD-Recordable: The New Storage Medium for Business and Pleasure" CD-ROM Professional 7(6) (November/December 1994): 106-112. -- Focusing more on the business aspects of CD-R, Kalstrom writes a very strong endorsement for the use of CD-R for data archiving. While economies of scale were the driving force behind CD-ROM production and distribution, the advent of CD-R has made it economically feasible for almost any type of application, regardless of the number of the discs produced. The author contends that as the cost of CD-R hardware continues to drop, it will become more readily accepted as a general-purpose archiving and back-up medium that will compete head-on with tape, rewritable magneto-optical and even hard disk drives. -- TR

Starr, Karen. "Top Tips From Street-Wise CD-ROM Network Managers" CD-ROM Professional 7(6) (November/December 1994):145-147. -- Starr compiles an extremely practical and useful set of tips from six seasoned CD-ROM network managers. Learn from the triumphs and mis- takes of these network sages. -- TR


Laribee, Janet F. and Carl L. Lorber. "Electronic Resources: Level of Awareness and Usage in a University Library" CD-ROM Professional 7(6) (November/December 1994):137-144. -- Laribee and Lorber present and analyze the results of a survey recently conducted at Eastern Illinois University's Booth Library to determine the level of awareness, usage, and general impressions of the library's electronic resources among faculty and administrators. The results of the study yielded two major findings: 1. a low level of awareness of some of the electronic resources and 2. a slight degree of dissatisfaction with the training and documentation on the usage of the electronic resources. The authors follow-up with a literature review of library instruction targeted at faculty and a list of practical program goals based upon the findings of the survey. -- TR

Current Cites 5(12) (December 1994) ISSN: 1060-2356 Copyright (C) 1995 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley. All rights reserved.

All product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. Mention of a product in this publication does not necessarily imply endorsement of the product.


To subscribe, send the message "sub cites [your name]" to, replacing "[your name]" with your name. Copying is permitted for noncommercial use by computerized bulletin board/conference systems, individual scholars, and libraries. Libraries are authorized to add the journal to their collections at no cost. An archive site is maintained at in directory /pub/Current.Cites [URL:]. This message must appear on copied material. All commercial use requires permission from the editor, who may be reached in the following ways: // trinne@ucblibra // (510)642-8173

Copyright © 1996 UC Regents. All rights reserved.
Document maintained on server: by the SunSITE Manager.
Last update 3/28/96. SunSITE Manager: