Current Cites (Digital Library SunSITE)

Volume 5, no. 9, September 1994

Edited by Teri Andrews Rinne

The Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94720
ISSN: 1060-2356  -

Contributors: John Ober, Margaret Phillips, Richard Rinehart, Teri Rinne, Roy Tennant

[ Electronic Publishing ] [ Multimedia and Hypermedia ] [ Networks and Networking ][ Optical Disc Technology ][ General ] [ News Bits ]

Electronic Publishing

Martin, Katherine. "Understanding the Forces for and against Electronic Information Publishing" CD-ROM Professional 7(4) (July/August 1994):129-134. -- An analysis of the market forces promoting and inhibiting the publishing of electronic information, this article clearly comes out in favor of electronic publishing. There are powerful forces promoting the mass dissemination of electronic information including such factors as the volume of information that now exists, the low cost of technologies and the environmental considerations of reducing paper not to mention the advantages of searching electronic texts and the increasing richness of electronic information that now includes text, graphics, sound and full- motion video. Yet there are some equally powerful forces which are inhibiting the growth of the electronic publishing industry; these include such factors as habit and tradition, incompatible standards, security concerns and the problem of portability of electronic information. -- MP

O'Connor, Mary Ann. "CD-ROM Pricing Still Creating Dilemmas for Publishers" CD-ROM Professional 7(4) (July/August 1994): 107-108. -- Although CD-ROM technology has been in place for over a decade now, the pricing dilemma still exists. The concept of turning an entire database over on CD-ROM is daunting to the traditional print publisher; costs are typically passed on to the customer in the form of higher pricing for CD-ROM versions of products. In this article, O'Connor outlines various pricing strategies employed in today's CD-ROM marketplace. While not arguing in favor of one pricing strategy over another, O'Connor does con- vincingly argue that all too often "pricing is determined after the development effort is complete and the product is ready for market. At this point, pure economics tend to drive the pricing decisions." O'Connor views this progression as one of the biggest mistakes a publisher can make: "Pricing strategies should be thoroughly researched and intergrated into the development process during the early product planning stages. Having a clear pricing strategy in can help control costs and to ensure the success of the product." -- TR

Multimedia and Hypermedia

Bonime, Andrew. "Kodak's New Photo CD Portfolio: Multimedia for the rest of us" CD-ROM Professional 7(4) (July/August 1994): 16-26. -- For institutions that are information-rich, but cash-poor the problem of distributing that information in digital form may have become a bit less daunting. Kodak's Photo-CD technology allows one to use relatively inexpensive software (Kodak's Arrange-It @ $395), any Photo-CD capable CD-ROM player and computer to publish multimedia CD-ROM titles. This means of publishing multimedia discs was also covered in an article previously cited here [see Current Cites, March 1994: Kim and Sunny Baker, "Grandma and Me & Photo CD" CD-ROM World 9(4) (April 1994): 64-67.] The present article is a more complete explanation of the steps for using this technology (also inherently more up-to-date), and includes additional information on the more complex Arrange-It authoring software. -- RR

Goodpasture, Victor. "Mountain Travel*Sobek and The Adventure Disc: Trailblazing with Kodak's Photo CD Portfolio" CD-ROM Professional 7(4) (July/August 1994):74-83. This article describes the production of a commercial CD-ROM title using the technology described above. An interesting note at the end of the article compares the cost of producing this CD-ROM "travel-brochure" to the cost of an analogous paper catalog: each print catalog costs $3.50 + $1.00 postage to produce and distribute, whereas each CD-ROM costs $1.35 + $.29 in postage. This article is informative in that it does not dwell so much on the content of the CD-ROM (a collection of wilderness trips offered by a travel company), but details in a brief narrative the course taken in a real-world implementation of Photo-CD technology for multimedia CD-ROM publishing. -- RR

Networks and Networking

Clement, Gail P. "Library Without Walls" Internet World 5(6) (September 1994):60-64. -- A high-level overview of how libraries are using the Internet to build "virtual" libraries or libraries "without walls." Those doing the building will find little new here, but it is one of the better insights into the process for those who are not. Clement does not fall into the trap of dis- regarding present roadblocks and limitations, but rather makes note of them in a very level-headed way. Altogether an insightful and well-written piece. A sidebar includes pointers to a selected sample of virtual libraries under construction. -- RT

Internet World 5(6) (September 1994) - This issue has a number of articles relating to the history and growth of the Internet. They include:

Lewis, Peter H. "Library of Congress Offering to Feed Data Superhighway" The New York Times (September 12, 1994): B1. -- Having obtained a copy of a draft Library of Congress memo, the New York Times reports on an upcoming announcement to be made by the Library of Congress about its plans to convert into digital form significant materials from its collections by the year 2000. The memo further states that the Library of Congress will take the lead in coordinating both the technologies and the policies for digitized libraries throughout the country so they can be connected to the same computer networks. Funding for the project will be provided by a mix of private gifts, industry donations and appropriations from Congress; the initial phase of the project, which will focus on the technologies needed to create digitized images, will be financed with private money. -- MP

"Road Map to the Internet" Supplement to PC Computing 7(9) (September 1994). Reprints (in quantities of 500 or more) from Ziff-Davis Publishing Co., One Park Ave., New York, NY 10016. -- This supplement, in actual folded road-map format, is a very impressive effort to depict the Internet visually. Using color coded lines to represent major subject orientation, links are drawn among approximately two dozen "servers" and several dozen "site listings." The verso contains an index similar to a street or city index, in this case listing organizations and resources coded to site locations on the map. There are also short text pieces on "Connecting to the Internet," "Internet Highlights," and "How to Use the Internet Road Map." The map is an excellent way to help visualize the interconnectedness of the net from a resource perspective. It would be a useful tool for teaching and explaining Internet concepts. Its one drawback is in not prominently stating that, in fact, only a very small portion of the Internet is depicted. Viewers might mistakenly believe they are seeing the entire picture. -- JLO

Wilson, David L. "'Crackers': a Serious Threat" The Chronicle of Higher Education 40(50) (August 17, 1994): A23-A24. -- In a series of sophisticated attacks, malevolent hackers -- or, so-called "crackers" -- have tampered with key technologies associated with the Internet. Specifically, they have taken aim at such Internet mechanisms as Domain Name Servers and Routers which have the potential of derailing all data headed to a particular network, university or individual. While security threats to the Internet are not new, recent attacks suggest that the intruders are particularly "network aware." Moreover, these attacks serve as examples of the potential for damage to network security in the future. A number of government security teams has been charged with investigating these attacks while researchers are searching for easy to use and inexpensive ways to protect network security. -- MP

Optical Disc Technology

Herther, Nancy K. "The Rise of CD-Recordable: A Report from the Corporate Front" CD-ROM Professional 7(4) (July/August 1994): 142-146. -- Former CD-ROM Professional editor Herther presents the encouraging results of a survey of corporate users of CD-R. CD-R technology is seen both as a method for fast, safe data back-up, and economical information distribution. The factors identified as influencing a move toward CD-R include dramatically low prices (many expect the price of CD-R hardware to dip below $1000 within the next two years), networking capability for data sharing, familiarity with CD-ROM which translates into no major shifts in resources or training, and the ability to do-it-yourself rather than outsource. Herther concludes that these factors are bringing CD-R into the forefront of important new corporate technologies for 1994 and beyond. -- TR


Kelly, Julia. "Downloading Information Using Bibliographic Management Software" CD-ROM Professional 7(4) (July/August 1994): 123-128. -- Kelly rightfully claims that without the proper tools, a hard disk can become the electronic equivalent of a file cabinet stuffed with poorly-labeled papers and printouts. To prevent this from occurring, Kelly offers an antidote in the form of biblio- graphic management software to organize electronic references to books, journal articles or other items which have been downloaded from CD-ROM or online databases. Software packages reviewed include Library Master, Papyrus, Pro-Cite, and Reference Manager. -- TR

News Bits

CAUSE, the association for managing and using information resources in higher education is producing an electronic newsletter called CAMPUS WATCH. This newsletter is designed to "share news concerning effective management of information resources and technology in higher education with stories about IT-related projects of note on college and university campuses." To subscribe to CAMPUS WATCH send email to with the message: subscribe campuswatch.

Current Cites 5(9) (September 1994) ISSN: 1060-2356 Copyright (C) 1995 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley. All rights reserved.

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