Current Cites (Digital Library SunSITE)

Volume 6, no. 11, November 1995

Edited by Teri Andrews Rinne

The Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94720
ISSN: 1060-2356  - http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/CurrentCites/1995/cc95.6.11.html

Contributors:Campbell Crabtree, John Ober, Margaret Phillips, David Rez, Richard Rinehart, Teri Rinne, Roy Tennant

[ Electronic Publishing ] [ Multimedia and Hypermedia ] [ Networks and Networking ][ General ]

Electronic Publishing

Jacobson, Robert L. "Research Universities Consider Plan to Distribute Scholarly Work on Line" Chronicle of Higher Education 42(10) (November 3, 1995):A32. -- The Association of American Universities (AAU) and the Association for Research Libraries (ARL) have come up with a proposal that would create a computerized network for distributing scholarly work. As a not-for-profit entity funded by member universities, the proposed network would facilitate scholarly publishing based on the cost of the information rather than "cost-plus." As the cost of scholarly publishing continues to rise, academic institutions have had to go outside higher education to publish scholarly works while at the same time having to pay commercial publishers for access to their own material. The proposed AAU/ARL plan would be one way to avoid this trend and would give scholarly publishing more autonomy. -- MP

Lehman, Bruce. "Royalties, Fair Use & Copyright in the Electronic Age" Educom Review 30(6)(November/December 1995):30-35 (http://www.educom.edu/web/pubs/review/reviewArticles/30630.html). -- Anyone who is interested in the role of copyright in a networked environment will likely appreciate this interview with the Clinton administration's point man for intellectual property rights. Lehman is the Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks and chair of the Working Group on Intellectual Property Rights within the Information Infrastructure Task Force headed by Secretary of Commerce Ronald Brown. His working group recently released their report "Intellectual Property and the National Information Infrastructure" [http://www.uspto.gov/web/ipnii/], which makes this interview timely as well as informative. -- RT

Markoff, John. "With a Debut, a Test of On-Line Publishing" The New York Times 145(50,244) (November 13, 1995): C7. -- This article analyses the evolution of electronic publishing as it profiles the upcoming debut of a new electronic magazine, Salon [http://www.salon1999.com]. As electronic journals emerge, they are starting to take advantage of the new technological capabilities available on the Web creating magazines that are interactive rather than mere electronic versions of traditional print magazines. In addition to creating a new model for electronic publishing based on technological innovations, the magazine will generate a more creative business model; Salon will be underwritten by several big name financial backers and will also be financed by advertisements.-- MP

O'Reilly, Tim. "Publishing Models for Internet Commerce" OnTheInternet 1(4) (September/October 1995):29-35. -- Who better to discuss the impact of the Internet on publishing than a publisher who is helping define the market? O'Reilly and Associates has long been known of pithy computer books, including The Whole Internet User's Guide and Catalog -- most likely the single most successful Internet title to date. In this lengthy but highly readable article, O'Reilly offers insights and predictions about the future of publishing on the net. Those who are new to the game, or librarians who must wrestle with a new paradigm for library "acquisition" of electronic texts, would do well to pay attention. -- RT

Roselaren, Steve. "Publishing Beyond Paper" MacWorld [http://www.macworld.com/] (December 1995) 12(12):96-102. -- This article is a good introduction to digital publishing. It compares many publishing and design issues compared across three media; print, CD-ROM, and WWW. Sometimes it compares apples to oranges, but for the most part this information would be very useful for a museum or library gearing up their publications unit to take on new media. It contains an explanation of HTML (as a subset of SGML), image formats, typeface (where it can be controlled; where it can't), and delivery means (WWW servers for WWW, Macromind and the like for CD-ROM). It also contains WWW URLs for further exploration, and a list of products for digital publication, including tools for text/HTML, images, and audio. The article would also be useful for anyone considering how to best re-purpose their digital information across these media. -- RR

Multimedia and Hypermedia

"1996 Multimedia Tool Guide" New Media Special 13th Annual Issue (November 1995) -- [http://www.hyperstand.com/SITE/toolguide/1996.ToolGuide.html] This entire issue of New Media magazine is a guide to software and hardware for the authoring and delivery of multimedia. The issue is broken down into six sections: authoring, online, audio, video, storage, and display, with subsections on specifics like sound cards, MPEG encoding systems, CD Recording Systems, etc. The sections could have been re-thought, but a lot of useful info is contained in this issue, along with product specs, uses for the products, prices, and company phone numbers. Useful for comparison shopping for any museum or library deciding on tools for digital projects. New Media is now available also on the Web at http://www.hyperstand.com. -- RR

Fillmore, Laura. "Literacy's Last Best Hope" OnTheInternet 1(4) (September/October 1995):37-42. -- Laura Fillmore founded the Online BookStore, which has since become Open Book Systems [http://www.obs-us.com/]. In this article adapted from a speech at EDMedia 1995 in Graz, Austria, she takes us on a sojourn that both begins and ends in Graz, but stops many places in between: [http://www.obs-us.com/obs/english/papers/gr1.htm]. It is a journey well worth taking, and best taken online so the side paths she offers as examples of her points can be explored as well. She mainly talks of "hyperliteracy" which she defines as "the capability to recognize, access, and apply hypertext ideas and tools online," and which she fervently hopes will be nurtured rather than controlled or censored. -- RT

Heid, Jim. "The Mac Recording Studio" MacWorld [http://www.macworld.com/] (December 1995) 12(12):112-118. -- This article explores the range of tools one can use to capture, edit, and output digital audio for a variety of uses. The author covers very effective low-cost solutions, using the hardware built into any newer Mac with software-only audio programs, to high-end hardware/ software combination packages for editing/authoring audio for professional output. This would be a useful article for someone already introduced to basic digital audio issues, such as standard file formats (AIFF, WAV, AU), and quality (kilohertz), and who is now looking for solutions for producing audio for a specific use (online delivery, background music for an educational CD-ROM, etc). -- RR

Networks and Networking

Flohr, Udo. "Hyper-G Organizes the Web" BYTE 20(11) (November 1995):59-64 (http://www.byte.com/art/9511/sec5/art4.htm). -- The overnight explosion of the World Wide Web following the introduction of NCSA Mosaic for personal computers may tend to blind us to the fact that it may not be the best tool for the job. In this overview article on a Web competitor called Hyper-G, Flohr identifies flaws in current Web technology and how Hyper-G solves them. Some of the Hyper-G features include the ability to attach links to read-only files such as those stored on CD-ROM, or within objects such as Postscript files or video clips. This and more comes at little cost, as Hyper-G servers can support standard Web clients (albeit without the full Hyper-G functionality), while offering these advanced features to Hyper-G clients. This is definitely a technology worth checking out, which you can do at the Hyper-G site at http://hgiicm.tu-graz.ac.at/. -- RT

Hoffman, Irene M. "Fundraising: A Selected List of Internet Resources" College & Research Libraries News 56(10) (November 1995): 692-693, 717. -- This month's C&RL News feature on Internet resources focuses on online sources in fundraising, highlighting those sources of particular interest to those in library development. -- MP

Jacobson, Robert L. "Researchers Temper Their Ambitions for Digital Libraries" Chronicle of Higher Education 42(13) (November 24, 1995):A19. -- In tackling the issue of interoperability of electronic material available in a network of interconnected digital libraries, librarians and computer scientists concluded at a recent conference in Santa Barbara that it may not be practical to seek one overarching plan for cataloging, searching and retrieving data from network collections. Computer users are so varied in terms of age, background and information needs while at the same time digital materials vary so widely in type (text, graphic, sound, video) that creating a single, all-purpose method for creating material or for retrieving it would not only be impossible but impractical. -- MP

McLeod, Jennifer and Michael White. "Building the Virtual Campus Bit by Bit: World Wide Web Development at the University of Maine" Computers in Libraries 15(10) (November/December 1995): 45-49. -- Startled by what seemed to be a real lack of central organization at many academic Web sites, the University of Maine set out to develop a well organized and unified Web site for their campus. This article, and its companion sidebars ("Top- Quality Web Presence Offers Appeal, Consistency, and Current Information" and "Seven Guidelines for Building Campus Web Systems"), summarize the research and experience involved in implementing a Web cite at the University of Maine. Visit the Maine site at http://www.ume.maine.edu/. -- DR

Markoff, John. "If Medium is the Message, the Message is the Web" The New York Times 145(50,244) (November 20, 1995): A1, C5. -- The World Wide Web seems to be the official media darling of business and technology sections in daily newspapers throughout the nation as evidenced by this front page story in the New York Times. Technology reporter John Markoff discusses the role of the Web within the larger historical context of mass media and analyses how and why it has become such a popular means of communication. The Web has skyrocketed in popularity, Markoff reports, because it is a medium that is technologically innovative and at the same time has support of corporate backers who see its profit potential. The fact that individuals can create Web sites so easily has led to a democratization of the medium with social implications for new kind of technology-based community. -- MP

Young, Jeffrey R. "Classes on the Web" Chronicle of Higher Education 42(10) (November 3, 1995):A27, A32-A33. -- In describing the experiences of several college professors who have taken advantage of network technology by making course materials available on the World Wide Web or by having their students submit their papers online, this article illustrates some of the practical, educational applications of new network technologies. These technologies enable professors to offer more current information and allow them to be more flexible since they can alter materials throughout the term. Professors have noticed that many of their students are more engaged with the new medium and therefore are more likely to explore the Internet beyond just the immediate coursework. On the other hand, there are other students who prefer hard copies and, of course, there are still many unresolved copyright issues. Despite the obvious advantages of using the network in teaching, there seems to be little administrative support for network technologies which means that those incorporating the net in their teaching must learn how to create Web sites and digitize course materials on their own time. -- MP

General

Stigliani, Joan. The Computer User's Survival Guide Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly & Associates, 1995. -- If you are a computer user and have ever wondered why your back hurts, or your arm tingles, or your eyes sting this is the book for you. Not so much for how it explains these consequences (although the explanations are clear and the diagrams are excellent), but more for the tips on how to prevent yourself from experiencing those consequences or worse. This book is a good and concise guide to all the various health problems associated with computer use and how to avoid them. Few organizations can afford to be without such information, as an ounce of prevention is (as they say) worth a pound of cure. -- RT


Current Cites 6(11) (November 1995) ISSN: 1060-2356 Copyright (C) 1995 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley. All rights reserved.

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