Jacobson, Robert L. "No Copying" Chronicle of Higher Education 40(26) (March 10, 1995) A17-A19. -- Soon-to-be proposed legislation that will outline "fair use" of copyrighted materials in electronic formats is expected to favor the concerns of commercial publishers and to "protect the marketplace" from unrestrained digital copying. Whereas current fair use laws provide for exemptions that allow educators to copy portions of books and periodicals for non-profit educational uses, the new legislation is expected to be much more restrictive. Instead of being able to capitalize on new technologies that allow increased access to copyrighted materials, users may find that electronic media will only be accessible by fee. Many academic and library leaders fear that this legislation, authored by the Commerce Department's Working Group on Intellectual Property, could seriously disrupt scholarly communication as they now know it. -- MP
Powell, James. "Spinning the World Wide Web: An HTML Primer" Database 18(1) (February/March 1995):54-59 (http://www.onlineinc.com/database/DB1995/FebDB95/powell.html). -- A concise article that includes a brief overview of the World-Wide Web, a quick description of HyperText Markup Language (HTML) and a simple guide to marking up a document in HTML. Included in the article are some very helpful sidebars describing "HTML Helpers" such as converters, editors and tools and their ftp addresses. The bulk of the article is a guide to HTML mark-up and although it is just a "primer" it is also quite useful as a guide for the novice and a quick reference for the seasoned HTML editor. -- DR
Vaughan-Nichols, Steven. "Internet Publishing Tools Proliferate" Byte 20(3) (March 1995):30 (http://www.byte.com/art/9503/sec4/art4.htm). -- This is a brief descriptive list of some of the new author/editing tools and add-ons that are becoming available for creating documents in the HyperText Markup Language (HTML) and Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) formats. The list includes several HTML add-ons for popular word processing programs such as Microsoft Word for Windows and for full-blown SGML editing tools such as Electronic Book Technologies' DynaText. -- DR
Barlow, John Perry. "Is There a There in Cyberspace?" Utne Reader 68 (March-April 1995): 50-75. -- The theme for this issue, announced on the cover, is "Cyberspace vs. Neighborhood". It is not a one-sided battle. The editors' opening article is titled simply "Networks are *not* communities", and other articles cover the noticeable absence of African-Americans online, the monetary obstacles to even cursory connectedness for the average citizen, the rush to allow the commercial industries to subsidize the NII, as if they will kindly step aside once it's built to make way for all the online museums, town halls, and other groups which have little voice in old media, but have found one online. Articles swing from grassroots, libertarian calls to abandon social networking, to more moderate comparisons of the values and advantages between virtual and physical communities. -- RR
Gallegos, Bee, Charles E. Kratz, and Victoria J. Spain. "Internet Resources for Education" College & Research Libraries News 56(3) (March 1995): 153-157. -- This month's C&RL News feature on Internet resources by discipline focuses on sources in education. Included are lists of scholarly discussion lists and electronic conferences, usenet groups, electronic journals and newsletters, gopher sites and World-Wide Web sites. Particularly useful in this article are the references at the end to other bibliographies and lists on Internet resources in education. -- MP
"Internet Security" Internet World 6(2) (February 1995): 32-72. -- This sequence of nine articles answers many of the questions that new users and experienced alike are posing about Internet security. While the articles focus on the importance of securing transactions for business use of the net, such as for credit card purchases, other articles also explain the current and future security of longstanding Internet activities including email. Richard Wiggins "Business Browser" (pp.52-58) is especially informative in its coverage of the development of secure World-Wide Web servers and clients. -- JLO
Jacobsen, Kristin. "Time to put the Internet in Perspective" College & Research Libraries News 56(3) (March 1995):144-147. -- A timeline of the history of the Internet from its inception as a communication network for the Department of Defense in the 1960s to the establishment of the NSFNET backbone in the mid-1980s to today when the number of hosts on the Internet surpasses 4,800,000, this article provides a basic historical context for the development of the Internet and successfully illustrates the fact that the Internet is not the overnight success that mainstream media coverage seems to suggest. The bulleted chronology along with the selective bibliography should be useful tools for individuals giving presentations or training sessions on the Internet. -- MP
Reinhardt, Andy. "New Ways to Learn" Byte 20(3) (March 1995): 50-72 (http://www.byte.com/art/9503/sec7/art1.htm). -- This article covers the impact of new technology in learning, both in education and the workplace. The three areas of technology credited with the most impact are networking, multimedia, and mobile computing. The article also contains useful sidebars with case studies from NYU, Carnegie Mellon, and UCLA. The article is rife with statistics, and mentions briefly that in the race of educational institutions to utilize new technology as a means of reducing overall costs, we should take the time to consider how the technology is changing our audience as well as the way they learn, and not just the tools they learn with. -- RR
Beiser, Karl. "CD-ROM Report: Evolving Search Interfaces" Database 18(1) (February/March 1995):88-92. -- Beiser looks at two new CD-ROM products that successfully employ a graphical approach (WinSPIRS and Map'n'Go) and a third product that has improved by increasing database coverage within a powerful DOS shell (Global Books in Print Plus). Not only does the extent and quality of the database need to be evaluated, but the means of gaining efficient access to that content is also a primary concern. The products described make reference tools easier to learn and more pleasant to learn, yet without an obvious performance penalty. -- TR
"The Computer in the 21st Century" Scientific American 6(1) 1995 Special Issue. -- This entire issue is dedicated to exploring many aspects of computing, from an article on civil liberties by Mitch Kapor to one on government & cyberspace by Al Gore. Other issues addressed include computers in education, technical innovations to watch for, and digital photography. Of special interest to librarians and archivists is the short article on the last page about archiving electronic resources. The article mentions that it seems easy enough to print out important records for archiving, but what about complex hyper- media, or the need to invoke involuntary "archiving"? In one instance of the latter, the courts were able to stay the destruction by the White House of paper records of Iran-Contra dealings by invoking archival value, but the Administration did not hand over any email about the issue, and those records are still in litigation. -- RR
Current Cites 6(1) (January 1995) ISSN: 1060-2356 Copyright (C) 1995 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley. All rights reserved.
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