Current Cites (Digital Library SunSITE)

Volume 6, no. 8, August 1995

Edited by Teri Andrews Rinne

The Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94720
ISSN: 1060-2356  - http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/CurrentCites/1995/cc95.6.8.html

Contributors: Campbell Crabtree, John Ober, Margaret Phillips, David Rez, Richard Rinehart, Teri Rinne, Roy Tennant

[ Electronic Publishing ] [ Multimedia and Hypermedia ] [ Networks and Networking ] [ Optical Disc Technology ]

Electronic Publishing

Cantenazzi, Nadia and Forbes Gibb. "The Publishing Process: The Hyper-Book Approach" Journal of Information Science 21(3) (1995):161-172. -- The authors outline the steps involved in both paper and electronic publishing. For electronic publishing, data can be in any number of formats. Portable, system-independent alternatives to proprietary encoding schemes include plain ASCII text, which lacks layout conventions and general markup language, specifically SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language), which preserves logical structural information. Because it is standardized, SGML can facilitate automatic processing. The hyper-book system is a set of tools that automate the creation of electronic books from SGML-encoded files, and provide a familiar, book-like user interface. The system provides the user with navigation and orientation tools as well as bookmark and annotation capability and provides access to external tools such as word processors and printers. -- CJC

Protsik, Ralph. "How Book Publishers are Staffing for Multimedia" CD-ROM Professional 8(7) (July 1995):20-30 (http://www.onlineinc.com/cdrompro/CP1995/JulCP95/protsik.html). -- Protsik addresses staffing issues facing a publisher moving toward multimedia publishing. He suggests a shift in thinking is necessary for traditional book publishers because of the fast-paced, technical environment of electronic publishing which is similar to that of software development. The costs of technology are high and new marketing approaches need to be employed. A good strategy is to develop multimedia skills in interested editors and production staff already in place who have valuable experience in the book industry, as well as to hire in outside talent for technical development and marketing. Interesting sidebars give hiring examples (and salaries) from several large publishing houses. -- CJC

Multimedia and Hypermedia

Hudson, Barry & Drake White. "The Art & Science of Business Multimedia Development: A Matter of Principles" CD-ROM Professional 8(7) (July 1995):44-54 -- The author investigates the problem of building an effective team for multimedia CD-ROM development. As users develop higher standards for CD-ROM titles, developers cannot rely on the technology to sell itself. They must bring together the business, design, content, and technical units into a tightly focused team to create a CD-ROM title that whose design supports access to its content, which supports its business purpose, and so on. Useful are sidebars which contrast different approaches for interface design, business strategy, and content management. -- RR

Mantelman, Lee. "Digital Video: Coming (..Soon?) to an Application Near You" Imaging Magazine 4(8) (August 1995) :50-90. -- Actually a suite of articles by the same author, this detailed explanation of digital video covers software vs. hardware approaches, software standards for compression (mpeg, mjpeg, etc.), server solutions, OS considerations, and is rich with contact information. The article makes a good technical primer and resource for anyone involved in creating, storing, or delivering digital video for any purpose. -- RR

Networks and Networking

Bearman, David. "Museum Strategies for Success on the Internet" Spectra 22(4) (Summer 1995):18-24. -- The author offers a broad discussion of issues facing any cultural heritage institution considering, or even in the depths of, creating Internet access to information. The article covers intellectual and data structural implication, and economic implications, with several sub-sections of each. Strategies are suggested to create successful and viable access, such as focusing on the institution's unique role and fit into the larger information community. The article questions some common assumptions, and will provide fresh insights for even those well-read in this area. -- RR

Bruce, Thomas R. "Choreography for a Dancing Bear: The Web, Markets, and Strategies," OnTheInternet 1(3) (July/August 1995): 16-25. -- An entertaining and wide-ranging review of the Web and possible implications for publishing and using information via this technology. The strengths of this article come more from making you think about the issues rather than in presenting conclusions. -- RT

Clement, Gail P. Science and Technology Resources on the Internet: An Instructional Guide. Berkeley, California: Library Solutions Press, 1995. ISBN: 1-882208-13-7. -- Like the other books in this series, this volume on Internet resources in science and technology serves a dual purpose as both a self-paced guide for individuals who want to learn about the Internet and as a model training tool for instructors. The book includes sample searches and several pages that can be made into overhead transparencies. (The PLUS version of this workbook comes with Windows and Macintosh diskettes of the PowerPoint presentation slides that can either be customized to the instructor's own needs or used as is.) The section on how to find Internet resources is particularly useful because it takes Internet training beyond just a series of commands by providing the tools that allow students of the Internet to find and discover resources on their own. Clement also includes important guidelines for evaluating the quality and value of Internet resources which, in the all-inclusive universe of the Internet, is an important way for users to learn how to weed out the junk from the gems. Although this workbook focuses on science and technology issues, its straightforward description of the Internet make this an excellent resource for instructors or students of any discipline interested in understanding the Internet. -- MP

Dennis, Anita. "Hot Links" Publish (September 1995):79-84. -- Some of the best graphics on the Web from a magazine that should know. Look at them and weep (or run out and employ a graphic artist). URLs are provided to site that can foster ideas on how to jazz up your Web server. -- RT

Hupp, Stephen L. "Internet Resources for Conservatism" College & Research Libraries News 56(7) (July/August 1995):464-466. -- The Internet, it seems, plays host to the entire political spectrum and this month's C&RL News includes an article that highlights many of the major Internet resources for conservatism. The list includes selected references to discussion lists, Usenet groups, electronic periodicals, gopher sites and World Wide Web resources in all areas of American conservatism and the Republican Party. So, for all those who need the URL for the "Newt Gingrich WWW Fan Club" or the "NRA Home Page" or who want to find out how to subscribe to the Rush Limbaugh discussion list, this article tells them. -- MP

Peete, Gary R. Business Resources on the Internet: A Hands-On Workshop. Berkeley, California: Library Solutions Press, 1995. ISBN: 1-882208-11-0. -- Another in the popular Internet Workshop Series, the third in the series focuses on business resources. Serving a dual purpose as both a self-paced guide for individuals who want to learn about the Internet and as a model training tool for instructors, this volume takes a module-based approach to introducing the Internet while focusing on business-related sources. The book includes sample searches and several pages that can be made into overhead transparencies. (The PLUS version of this workbook comes with Windows and Macintosh diskettes of the PowerPoint presentation slides that can either be customized to the instructor's own needs or used as is.) Peete offers practical advice for teachers (including advice about what to do when the technology fails) and a checklist of considerations that instructors should keep in mind when preparing an Internet class. Of particular value is the "Best Bets for Exploration" guide which lists the names and locations of several primary Internet locations for exploring business-related information and sites. Offering both practical information (such as Internet addresses and sample searches) and an introduction to fundamental concepts and strategies this workbook should prove to be an indispensable guide to anyone preparing to teach about business sources on the Internet. -- MP

"Star-Spangled Net" Internet World 6(8) (August 1995): 28+ (http://www.internetworld.com/print/monthly/1995/08/toc.html). -- The main topic of this issue is politics on the Web, from the Congressional Web site Thomas (http://thomas.loc.gov/) to political activists in the former Soviet Union. One of the most interesting pieces is an interview with Don Jones, Newt Gingrich's right hand Internet man and the creator of the Thomas server. -- RT

Wiggins, Richard. "Spinning Out Documents: Web Servers" New Media 5(8) (August 1995):43-46 -- If you are faced with researching a Web server solution for your institution, read this article. It does not provide as much depth as some, but is worth it only if for the chart showing costs, features, and contact info for 20 Web server software packages and the other showing similar info for six integrated hardware/software solutions from Sun, Apple, etc. A brief discussion of platform choice also makes this article a helpful starting place. -- RR

Wilson, David L. "The Network Has Eyes" Chronicle of Higher Education 41(45) (July 21, 1995), A17-18. -- Computer system administrators have traditionally kept logs of online activities in order to see how people access their records and to monitor online activities and behavior in general. Internet users, however, are becoming increasingly concerned that this practice may be violating their privacy and some Internet scholars have called on new ethics guidelines so that researchers and systems administrators can go online without infringing on the rights of individual Internet users. Until scholars develop systems that allow administrators to monitor online activities while at the same time protecting individual privacy, Internet users need to know that their online activities are being recorded. -- MP

Optical Disc Technology

Lieberman, Paula. "Taking Measure of Magnetic, Optical, and Magneto-Optical Media and Drives" CD-ROM Professional 8(7) (July 1995):62-74 (http://www.onlineinc.com/cdrompro/CP1995/JulCP95/lieberman.html). -- Lieberman presents a very complete overview of a wide range of optical storage options, including WORM (Write Once Read Many), Erasable, Rewritable, Recordable, Magneto-Optical, and lesser known technologies such as Floptical, OROM, P-ROM, LaserCard, and Digital Paper. While all of these technologies lack the installed base and commercial acceptance of CD-ROM, many offer distinct advantages, including faster random access reading, rewritability, and cheaper manufacturing materials. Substantial sidebars include a the Optical Storage Technology Association (OSTA) roster and an Optical/Magneto- Optical Glossary. -- TR

Pahwa, Ash. "Enhanced CD & The Joliet File System" CD-ROM Professional 8(7) (July 1995):106-107. -- Pahwa discusses two new standards recently proposed by Microsoft, both of which will be supported by Windows 95. Enhanced CD is described as a multisession disc designed primarily to court audio CD fans as potential buyers of CD-ROM hardware; it reverses the conventional multisession configuration by placing the audio tracks in the first session and data in the second session. The beauty of the Enhanced CD format for CD-ROM users is that it provides multisession versatility at no additional cost. The Joliet File System is an extension to the ISO 9660 file structure (standard format for CD-ROM). Joliet extensions transcend the inherent limitations and ambiguities of the ISO 9660 specifications, which allows for efficient, multiplatform information distribution. Pahwa predicts both of proposals will become de facto industry standards. -- TR


Current Cites 6(8) (August 1995) ISSN: 1060-2356 Copyright (C) 1995 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley. All rights reserved.

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