Current Cites (Digital Library SunSITE)

Volume 6, no. 9, September 1995

Edited by Teri Andrews Rinne

The Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94720
ISSN: 1060-2356  - http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/CurrentCites/1995/cc95.6.9.html

Contributors: Campbell Crabtree, John Ober, Margaret Phillips, David Rez, Richard Rinehart, Teri Rinne, Roy Tennant

[ Electronic Publishing ] [ Multimedia and Hypermedia ] [ Networks and Networking ]

Electronic Publishing

Gasaway, Laura N. "Scholarly Publication and Copyright in Networked Electronic Publishing" Library Trends 43(4) (Spring 1995): 679-700. -- A very useful and informative article that surveys the current and impending broad changes in the way scholars have, do and will publish their works. The opening brief, yet detailed history of scholarly publishing does a good job of providing a context for the new role of electronic publishing in academics. As one might expect, much of the article is a discussion of copyright basics as it applies to the academic publishing world. This section provides an excellent overview of this complex issue. -- DR

Hickey, Thomas B. "Present and Future Capabilities of the Online Journal" Library Trends 43(4) (Spring 1995): 528-543. -- A sound, even-handed discussion of some of the primary issues facing the online journal. Hickey addresses his topic by providing lists of the advantages and disadvantages for several of the challenges, both general and specific, which surround the debate about the online journal. The treatment of the subject is broad enough that it addresses many of the same issues being debated concerning electronic publishing in general. It would serve well as a primer for anyone with a basic interest in the issues surrounding electronic publishing and in the direction it may be headed. -- DR

Ide, Nancy and Jean Veronis, ed. "The Text Encoding Initiative: Background and Contexts" Computers and the Humanities 29(1) (1995) -- In an effort to provide much needed 'background and context for the contents of TEI Proposal 3', Computers and the Humanities is dedicating three issues of Volume 29 to the Text Encoding Initiative. Parts I and II, General Topics and Document-wide Encoding Issues are covered in this first issue. The second issue will contain Part III, Encoding Specific Text Types, and the third, Part IV, Special Encoding Mechanisms. With a preface by Charles Goldfarb, inventor of SGML, and introduction by the editors of the triple issue, Ide and Veronis, this collection of papers introduces the Text Encoding Initiative and provides illuminating discussions of many topics essential to the TEI-conformant encoding of electronic texts. C.M. Sperberg-McQueen and Lou Bernard, the editors of the Guidelines for Electronic Text Encoding and Interchange, provide a good introduction to the guidelines, commonly referred to as TEI P3 (TEI Proposal number 3). This issue also contains the following papers: "The TEI: History, Goals, and Future" by Nancy Ide and C.M. Sperberg-McQueen, "What is SGML and How Does It Help?" by Lou Bernard, "Character Representation" by Harry Gaylord, "The TEI Header and the Documentation of Electronic Texts" by Richard Giordano and "Practical Considerations in the Use of TEI Headers in Large Corpora" by Dominic Dunlop. Taken as a whole, the triple issue promises to be a rich and valuable reference work. -- CJC

Jacobson, Robert L. "'Fair Use' Impasse" Chronicle of Higher Education 41(49) (September 18, 1995): A20, A22. -- In another discussion about the conflict between copyright holders who want to restrict access to electronic information and professionals such as educators and librarians who seek to make information as widely available as possible, this article presents the issues associated with the concept of "fair use" in the electronic age. The author predicts that unless professionals from the academic community participate more actively in the debate, soon-to-be-issued Clinton Administration guidelines on copyright will favor the publishing industry thus threatening educational and scholarly interests. -- MP

Lancaster, F.W. "The Evolution of Electronic Publishing" Library Trends 43(4) (Spring 1995): 519-527. -- Offering a summary of the development of electronic publishing over the last 30 years, this article outlines four basic yet co-existent steps in the evolution of electronic publishing: 1) Using computers to generate conventional print-on-paper publications allowing new capabilities such as printing on demand or producing customized publications tailored to individual needs. 2) Distributing text electronically which is the exact equivalent of the paper version; this includes full-text articles available through commercial vendors such as DIALOG and projects such as TULIP which provide electronic access to text and graphics of journals which are also available in print form. 3) Distribution in electronic form of print publications providing "value-added" features such as search capabilities and data manipulation. 4) Generating publications that take advantage of such electronic capabilities as hypertext, hypermedia, sound and motion. In addition to outlining the history of electronic publishing, Lancaster provides an in-depth analysis of electronic journals and discusses sustainability of electronic journals and the role that they play in scholarship. -- MP

Lancaster, F.W. "Attitudes in Academia Toward Feasibility and Desirability of Networked Scholarly Publishing" Library Trends 43(4) (Spring 1995): 741-751. -- In a survey of university library directors and academic administrators, the author sought to determine attitudes toward the electronic distribution of scholarly publications. While university administrators felt that there were significant benefits associated with electronic publishing, it was widely felt that there were many obstacles to the academic community's ability to implement an electronic publishing network. Benefits associated with electronic publishing included the reduction of costs in disseminating electronic information, the potential for more timely publication of research articles, more effective current awareness through electronic profile matching, and the idea that academia could have greater control over its own research results therefore freeing itself from commercial interests. However, these benefits were outweighed by the fact that the administrators who were surveyed felt that academia is not well-equipped financially or technologically to support widespread networked scholarly publishing. -- MP

Weiss, Jiri. "Digital Copyright: Who Owns What?" New Media 5(9) (September 1995): 38-43 (http://newmedia.com/newmedia/95/09/fea/Digital_Copyright__Who_Owns_What_.html). -- Any library or museum involved in a digital media project has become, perhaps unwittingly, a developer and arbitrator, if not owner, of digital content. So, whether you are adding value to information in the form of a catalog, or creating primary source material in the form of an educational CD-ROM you need to be informed about digital copyright from all angles. This article is very helpful in that respect, outlining the issues and some proposed solutions (such as a copyright service bureaus as opposed to individual contracts). Also useful is the contact info for further reading, current projects, and groups mentioned in the article. -- RR

Multimedia and Hypermedia

Penn State Imaging Committee. "Imaging for Process Improvement: Report of the Imaging Committee" [http://www.psu.edu/computing/imaging.html] -- This report outlines the recommendations to Penn State University administration on the use of imaging technology. The report covers administrative and business use as well as archiving and educational use of imaging. The report, laid out generally and with concise recommendations and considerations, serves as a useful reference as to how one university is planning for the long-range use of imaging. -- RR

Platt, Charles. "Interactive Entertainment: Who Writes It? Who Reads It? Who Needs It?" Wired 3(9) (September 1995): 145-149, 195-197 (http://www.wired.com/wired/3.09/features/interactive.html). -- As digital hypermedia (most notoriously as CD-ROMs and WWW sites currently) is adapted from research use to entertainment, the conundrum appears that hypermedia is well-suited to organizing access to layers of discrete research facts, even context, but it is less suited to storytelling or other linear forms of information most used for entertainment, and often pedagogy as well. This article explores the apparent rift between author and user control, asking whether user-control really equals user-engagement. Hypermedia is not trounced by any means, but rather implicit in the article is the suggestion that digital hypermedia, like cinema before it, needs to stop relying on previous-media modes of operation and invent its own. This article will be useful to anyone developing hypermedia interfaces for educational or entertainment use. -- RR

Schussler, Terry and Tim Tully. "Compression Tips for QuickTime Video: Codecs" New Media 5(9) (September 1995): 79-80 (http://newmedia.com/newmedia/95/09/tech/Compression_Tips_for_Quicktime_Video__Codecs.html). -- An intermediate level technical article about video compression codecs. The advantages and drawbacks of each codec built into QuickTime are outlined to help you decide which to select in your QuickTime editing software for your purposes (archiving video, playback for delivery, etc). -- RR

Networks and Networking

Lowry, Charles B., "Preparing for the Technological Future: A Journey of Discovery" Library Hi Tech Issue 51 13(3) (1995):39-54. -- Lowry, the university librarian at Carnegie Mellon University, examines several steps which are crucial for building the "virtual library" paradigm. Technologies which give users easy access to information and provide for user privacy and royalty tracking must be assembled. Bodies of substantive data must be digitized. Copyright laws need to support distributed electronic libraries and networked access. The success of the virtual library depends on the use of open systems and standards such as Z39.50 to promote interoperability. Searching results can be improved by moving from Boolean or keyword-based retrieval to natural language processing (NLP) which yields more precise results in searches of full-text databases. A subject-oriented approach to indexing Internet resources should be implemented. Libraries must migrate from traditional OPACS to GUI environments capable of the multimedia available. Some examples of how Carnegie Mellon is using information technology and NLP to build the foundations of the virtual library round out this informative article. -- CJC

Weibel, Stuart L. "The World Wide Web and Emerging Internet Resource Discovery Standards for Scholarly Literature" Library Trends 43(4) (Spring 1995): 627-634. -- Weibel has penned one of the best overviews I've ever seen of the current benefits and future potential of the Web for scholarly communication and publishing. He outlines a set of problems relating to this technology and discusses ways of addressing them. Weibel's insight into the issues is remarkable, and is matched by a clear and engaging writing style. If you must limit your reading to only essential pieces, this article should top the list. If you are an information professional, you cannot afford to be ignorant of the issues Weibel so clearly and insightfully describes. -- RT

Weissinger, Nancy J. and John P. Edwards. "Online Resources for Internet Trainers" College & Research Libraries News 56(8) (September 1995): 535-539, 572. -- A bibliography of selected Internet training materials available over the Internet, this article provides a timely list of course materials that may be helpful in planning and constructing Internet training sessions or programs. It also lists references to online courses and tutorials that have been developed and made available on the Internet as well as a list of online reference sources and subject guides. Also included is a list of newsgroups and listservs of particular interest to Internet trainers. -- MP


Current Cites 6(9) (September 1995) ISSN: 1060-2356 Copyright (C) 1995 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley. All rights reserved.

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