Butter, Karen, Robin Chandler and John Kunze. "The Cigarette Papers: Issues in Publishing Materials in Multiple Formats" D-Lib Magazine (November 1996) (http://www.dlib.org/dlib/november96/11butter.html) -- A brief overview of several publishing projects relating to a collection of tobacco company Brown and Williamson internal documents that were leaked to, among others, the University of California, San Francisco. The UCSF Library subsequently published them in various forms in association with UC Press. A number of issues relating to these efforts (not the least of which being litigation by B&W to try to recover the documents) are briefly described. As an overview piece it serves its purpose, particularly with the links to pertinent resources online, but I couldn't help wishing for more details on how they scanned, indexed and published the material (some 8,000 documents). -- RT
CONFU: The Conference on Fair Use (http://www.utsystem.edu/ogc/intellectualproperty/confu.htm) -- Spawned by the federal National Information Infrastructure project, the working group on Intellectual Property Rights convened the Conference on Fair Use: a meeting of stakeholders in copyright from content developers and publishers to end-users, universities, and libraries. This working group was charged with developing broadly accepted guidelines for fair use (free, educational use) of electronic resources, from databases to multimedia. Five areas were chosen to focus on: Distance Learning, Multimedia, Electronic Reserves, Interlibrary Loan, and Image Collections. The Multimedia and Images groups lead in reaching tentative agreements (all of which can be read online). The groups convened were not individuals, but rather professional organizations such as the College Art Association, the American Association of Museums, the Visual Resources Association, Association of Research Libraries, Association of American Publishers, and so on. This suite of documents deserves reading by anyone involved in electronic media for education at any level and anyone developing or distributing electronic resources. This is a very large group; but then again, this project will have equally large implications for these areas. -- RR
Gasaway, Laura N. "Libraries, Educational Institutions, and Copyright Proprietors: The First Collision on the Information Highway" The Journal of Academic Librarianship 22(5) (September 1996): 337-344. -- Focusing on the Clinton administration's White Paper on Intellectual Property Rights in the National Information Infrastructure and the impact that its recommendations will have on libraries and educational institutions, here is yet another article that describes the implications that passage of this legislation will have on access to information. Libraries and educational institutions, in providing copyrighted materials to the public whether they be students, teachers, scholars or researchers, see themselves as advocates for society at large. The recommendations put forth in the White Paper, however, favor the copyright owners and will make it more difficult for libraries to make electronic works available to the public in the same way that printed materials are made available. -- MP
Stover, Mark. "The Librarian as Publisher: A World Wide Web Publishing Project" Computers in Libraries 16(9)(October 1996) :40-43. -- This article touches on many issues surrounding web journals: refereed vs. nonrefereed publication, access, copyright, design, and includes a sidebar underscoring the value of librarians as publishers on the web. While it is yet to be seen how successful scholarly web journals will be, arguments are made for making available full-text journals with the added value of indexing and judicious hyperlinking. The author makes his points using the experience of a scholarly journal published by an independent graduate school, Progress (http://www.pgi.edu/progress.htm) -- CJC
Hurtig, Brent. "A/V Streaming Brings the Web to Life....Almost" New Media 6(14) (October 28, 1996):52-63. -- Libraries, archives, museums and universities are quickly moving to the next stage in developing their electronic resources: moving from text databases and static web pages to making available their audio/visual resources online. If you are considering making available your oral history archive, video archive, or even just adding bits of sound and moving image to existing text-based resources this article will be useful reading. It is more practical in bent than theoretical. Although it does not promote or discuss standards-based solutions which would be especially useful for non-ephemeral collections, the article is very helpful as an up-to-date overview of the tools and issues involved in putting multimedia resources online now. Streaming is the means of making multimedia content available to the end-user without making them download a huge multimedia file before viewing/playing. One can "stream" the content, or play it as it comes in. This makes it feasible to deliver these resources in an acceptable manner. The article covers most of the major tools and formats currently available, and how they do, and don't, do the job. Again, this is a discussion of mostly proprietary formats for streaming multimedia, but even they can be useful as a temporary delivery mechanism, while the master copy remains in a standards-based form, itself "archived", waiting for tools to come along for its immediate delivery. -- RR
Pierce, Jeffrey. "The Image Makers: Finding A Scanner That's Right For You" Adobe Magazine 8(1) (November 1996): 61-65. -- So what's there to know about scanners? More than you may realize, and once you do you will want an article like this to tell you about it. Learn about optical resolution, dynamic range, bit depth, and a lot more that will help make you an effective scanner shopper and user. Learn from those who scan for a living. -- RT
"The Economics of the Internet: Too Cheap to Meter?" The Economist 341(no. 7988) (October 19-25, 1996):23-27. [http://www.economist.com/issue/19-10-96/sf0774.html] -- The editors summarize the challenges of pricing the use of the Internet. The non-commercial roots of the Internet, they argue, now work against its effectiveness as a medium for digital commerce. Hence the meteoric growth of corporate intranets, and "extranets"--wide area networks that include business partners. "Internet II", the university-led initiative to build a faster network is one manifestation of this trend. However, Internet commerce in its current form has generated "halo" effects; modem users are using telephony to get to the network, which in some cases boosts telecommunications profits. Pricing models pose further difficulties. "Use-based" pricing could dampen growth, while flat fee pricing fails to address the fact that billing a customer costs more than Internet connect time does. The basic trade-off is between cheap (or free) flow of information at the expense of speed, or lightning fast service--for a fee. -- TH
Maxwell, Bruce. How to Access the Federal Government on the Internet 1997 Washington, DC : Congressional Quarterly, 1996. -- An updated and expanded edition of last year's publication of the same name, this guide includes descriptions of more than 400 federal Internet sites, more than 150 of which are new in this volume. The annotated entries explain how to access each site and describe the site's focus and coverage. With the Internet being such a changeable environment and the nature of politics being what it is (the November election has rendered the list of email addresses and web sites for Members of Congress out-of-date even before 1997 has arrived), one is justified in questioning the value of a printed directory to the Internet. Yet this book is valuable despite these anachronisms because it gives more than just the address of a particular site; it outlines how to conduct a search for federal information and provides tips about where to start a search and how to use some of the search tools. -- MP
Ridinger, Robert B. Marks. "Internet Resources in Gay and Lesbian Studies" College & Research Libraries News 57(10) (November 1996): 658-660, 671. [http://www.ala.org/acrl/resnov.html] -- The emergence of gay and lesbian studies as a legitimate area of academic inquiry is evidenced by the steady increase in books and articles related to the life, culture and issues of the gay and lesbian community in the United States and worldwide. Along with the growth of print media, there has been an explosion of resources on the Internet. This guide to Internet resources provides references to gateway sources (like Infoqueer http://www.3wnet.com/rainbow/gnl.html) and Web sites for gay and lesbian organizations (see the homepage for the Lamda Legal Defense and Education Fund - http://www.gaysource.com/gs/ht/oct95/lambda.html). Also find references to libraries and archives (June L. Mazer Lesbian Collection - http://www.lesbian.org/mazer/index.html), academic departments and discussion groups (QSTUDY-L) and news media (The Advocate - http://www.advocate.com/). -- MP
Ubois, Jeff. "Future Effect: Author and Futurist James Burke Waxes Philosophic on the Way the Internet is Changing Society" Internet World 7(12) (December 1996):76-82. -- If you want to know about the effect of the Internet on society, placed within an historical and intellectual context, who better to give it to you than James Burke? Although the article lacks the visual power of his TV programs, Burke does not disappoint. -- RT
Hallmark, Judy and C. Rebecca Garcia. "Training for Automated Systems in Libraries" Information Technology and Libraries 15(3) (September 1996):157-166. -- This article on staff and user training for library automated systems is a highly readable account of a series of interviews with staff from 49 libraries of all types. The interviewees describe the often painful training experiences and what they learned. Rather than being a dry exposition of research findings, this insightful and easy to read account is chock-full of useful advice. I'll even forgive the fact that a quote was not attributed correctly (apparently footnotes 7 and 8 were inadvertently switched). Anyone faced with training or retraining staff or users on automated systems would do well to study this article beforehand. -- RT
Wilson, David L. "New California State Campus has Ambitious Plans for Technology" Chronicle of Higher Education XLIII(8) (October 18, 1996):23-24. -- With a focus on multi-disciplinary study and information technology, CSU Monterey Bay has been touted as an experiment in high technology learning. However, according to John C. Ittelson, director of distance learning, "getting people to do things differently is a process of seduction." Although it's early to draw conclusions, Wilson interviews a variety of faculty and students and finds at least some resistance to the plan: "too much email and voicemail," says one professor. Yet top administrators, including President Peter P. Smith, are committed to finding new ways to teach, and show no sign of retreat from their vision. -- TH
Zastrow, Jan. "The Inner Workings of a Document Delivery Pilot Project" Computers in Libraries 16(9)(October 1996):20-24. [http://www.infotoday.com/cilmag/oct/docdel.htm] -- The Emergency Medical Services Document Delivery Pilot Project (http://lama.kcc.hawaii.edu/ems/illdoc.html) is the third installment of a three part project at Kapiolani Community College in Honolulu, Hawaii, covering bibliographic instruction, remote access to CD-ROM databases and document delivery. Paramount to the project's goals was that research be free and available to eligible users. Patrons were able to request documents they found citations for, and receive photocopies. Because of the scope of this project, copyright violation was not an issue. Operating on a very small budget, this project was able to fill all document requests, though lack of funds made it difficult, when documents were not locally available. Based on the success of this project, the first integrated interlibrary loan system for KCC will be partially funded and expanded next year. -- CJC
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