Current Cites

January 2011

Edited by Roy Tennant

Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Frank Cervone, Susan Gibbons, Peter Hirtle, Leo Robert Klein, Roy Tennant, Jesús Tramullas

Digital Preservation Outreach and Education, Library of Congress, . Digital Preservation Outreach and Education (DPOE) Training Needs Assessment Survey: Executive Summary  Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 2011.( - In the summer and fall of 2010, the Library of Congress' Digital Preservation Outreach and Education initiative conducted a survey about digital preservation training needs, which resulted in 868 responses from archives, libraries, museums, and similar cultural organizations. This brief executive summary of the survey results makes interesting reading, and it suggests that digital preservation is still an emerging activity, especially in smaller organizations (50.6% of respondents' organizations had 24 or fewer staff members). For example, in spite of the fact that "85% of the respondents considered digital preservation very important for their organization," the survey found that only "33.2% of respondents reported having paid full-time or part-time professional practitioners, 21.9% reported having no staff for digital preservation, and 13.9% have volunteers working on digital preservation." - CB

Greene, Tim. "Library system dumps MPLS for cheaper DSLNetworkWorld  28(2)(January 24, 2011): 14. ( - This short article will be of interest to network managers, and possibly library directors, looking for creative ways to cut costs. Recently the Sno-Isle public library system in Washington replaced its MPLS-based networking infrastructure for a combination of multiple, less expensive broadband connections at the central site as well as the branches. While the switch has allowed them to decrease networking costs per site from $3,000 a month to $200, one of the major downsides of this switch is that it makes the network more complex both physically and from a management perspective. It will be interesting to see in a year if the expected savings in costs outweigh the additional complexity in management. - FC

Hightower, Christy, and Christy  Caldwell. "Shifting Sands: Science Researchers on Google Scholar, Web of Science, and PubMed, with Implications for Library Collections BudgetsIssues in Science and Technology Librarianship  (63)(Fall 2010)( - The authors surveyed science faculty at the University of California, Santa Cruz to determine their preferences for article searching. Key conclusions: "Article databases remain important to science researchers. Not all traditional fee-based databases (e.g., Web of Science) and not all subject-specific article databases (e.g., PubMed), are in a "death spiral." While it is not necessary for an academic library to subscribe to 20-30 science article databases when money is scarce, it is also not yet the case that a single multidisciplinary database (e.g., Google Scholar or Web of Science) will suffice. Since only three databases accounted for nearly all of the databases used most in this study, and since a majority of the researchers surveyed supported paying for journal subscriptions over paying for article database access, the number of databases that are absolutely necessary if catastrophic budget conditions force librarians to cut deeply appears to be smaller than librarians once thought." - RT

Jones, Elizabeth A., and Joseph W.  Janes. "Anonymity in a World of Digital Books: Google Books, Privacy, and the Freedom to ReadPolicy & Internet  2(4)(2010)( - Jones and Janes apply Helen Nissenbaum’s contextual integrity theory of privacy to the Google Books Settlement to see how Google's treatment of privacy differs from that of libraries. In the process, they deliver a stirring defense of the importance of library privacy and offer suggestions on how the proposed Google Books Settlement can be improved. They also unintentionally demonstrate why Google Books is not a library, and hence why it is so important that the library partners, under the auspices of the Hathi Trust, are banding together to create a national digital library that does have the privacy protections that Jones and Janes want to see from Google. The article is both a caution to libraries to examine closely the privacy protections included in all third-party databases (including the Google Books database, if it is ever approved) that they are considering acquiring, and a guide as to the kinds of analysis they should conduct. We only have ourselves to blame if we purchase products that do not meet the values and goals that libraries have historically embodied. - PH

Malpas, Constance. Cloud-sourcing Research Collections: Managing Print in the Mass-digitized Library Environment  Dublin, OH: OCLC, January 2011.( - On the one hand, there is a rapidly growing corpus of digitized books, such as those in the Google Books Project and the HathiTrust. On the other hand, there are several impressive projects creating regional repositories of legacy print collections including the Western Regional Storage Trust (WEST) and the Research Collections & Preservation Consortium (ReCAP). But how do these two very different access and preservation strategies intersect? And how might they impact the strategies an individual library employs for the management of its local print book collection? If you have found yourself pondering such questions, then take the time to read this excellent new report from OCLC. By evaluating the HathiTrust digitized book collection against the paper book collection of ReCAP repository, that author Constance Malpas walks the reader through what participation in either or both initiative could have on collection development and maintenance for New York University Libraries. While the greatest potential impact is currently locked behind copyright barriers, the report's methodology is an extremely valuable tool for how libraries can begin to come to understand and quantify how these regional and national initiatives can have a very real, local impact. - SG

Masters, Greg. "Off the Shelves"  SC Magazine  21(11)(November 2010): 34-36. - It isn't often that you see a library system featured in an information security publication. However, this article on the Riverside County Library System breaks that tradition. Written as a case study, this article discusses the factors that drove the selection of new networking equipment for the library system. The major goals of the networking project were to increase throughput and connectivity as well as provide an infrastructure that would allow the library system to manage content filtering for children while providing full access to the Internet for adults. While it would have been nice to read more about the ethical and legal issues libraries face related to content filtering, overall the article provides interesting technical insight into how one particular library system is managing some of the complicated issues related to providing Internet access to the general public. - FC

Smyth, Joanne B. "Tracking Trends: Students' Information Use in the Social Sciences and Humanities, 1995–2008Portal: Libraries and the Academy  11(1)(January 2011): 551-573. ( - This research article looks at how access to electronic journals has changed the use of research material in the humanities and social sciences. The author looked at almost 44,000 citations from 457 theses and dissertations submitted at the University of New Brunswick from 1995 to 2008. What she found were increases in the use of older material (journals and monographs) thanks to back files becoming increasingly available. The author also found large differences in the kinds of materials being used based, not surprisingly, on the subject area under investigation (history, psychology, and education). Researchers in education for example made greater use of material coming from the web, due in part to large amounts of government data being freely available online. Differences like this are a reminder, the author concludes, that one benefit of citation analysis isn't simply to find common trends among fields but also to identify characteristics specific to each. - LRK

Uribe-Tirado, Alejandro. "Presencia, Tendencias y Aspectos Diferenciadores de la Formación sobre Derechos de Autor en la Alfabetización Informacional en el Ambito UniversitarioBID textos universitaris de biblioteoconomia y documentacio  (24)(June 2010)( - The author analyzes 46 programs of information literacy around the world. It analyzes the objectives, programs and content of the data in relation to copyright and intellectual property, with the aim of identifying trends, and studying the teaching strategies and how they applied. As a result, the author identifies ten major trends and proposes five new skills to improve educational training in this subject. - JT

Walker, Kizer, Rich  Entlich, and Greg  Green. Report of the Collection Development Executive Committee Task Force on Print Collection Usage  Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Library, 22 November 2010.( - This report consists of the findings of a Cornell University Library task force charged to "conduct a wide-ranging study of the use of the circulating print collections." An analysis of data on CUL acquisitions since 1990 resulted in a number of interesting statistics. A sample: "Approximately 45% of print monographs in the CUL collection published since 1990 have circulated at least once to date; approximately 55% of these books have never circulated. Circulation of monographs published since 1990 has tended to increase gradually for 12 years, at which point the use of new volumes tends to level off. Most books in circulation on April 19, 2010, were charged to graduate students, who accounted for 34% of the total charges. Faculty had out another 23.6%. Undergraduates had out only 10.7% of the books charged." The task force included both recommendations to administration as well as cautionary notes about drawing conclusions based on the evidence of this report alone. Being one of the few thorough surveys of collection use, this report is highly recommended for academic librarians. - RT