Current Cites

October 2012

Edited by Roy Tennant

Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Alison Cody, Susan Gibbons, Roy Tennant

Butler, Brandon. Massive Open Online Courses: Legal & Policy Issues for Research Libraries  Washington, DC: Association of Research Libraries, 22 October 2012.( - While the number of higher education institutions currently engaged with MOOCs is limited, there are very few campuses not currently engaged in conversations about whether to jump on the MOOC bandwagon. This ARL issue brief is an excellent primer for the legal issues that research libraries will face if their institution engages in MOOCs. Specifically, the briefing addresses the use and assignment of copyrighted works, copyright status of materials generated in MOOC courses, applicability of the notice-and-takedown provisions of DMCA, and accessibility of MOOCs for learners with disabilities. Academic libraries need to be engaged in their campus’ MOOC decisions early, and this issue brief might be the vehicle that can bring us to the table. - SG

COAR Working Group 2: Repository Interoperability, . The Current State of Open Access Repository Interoperability (2012)  Gottingen, Germany: Confederation of Open Access Repositories, 2012.( - In recent years, the topic of open access repository interoperability has become considerably more complex than simple OAI-PMH functionality. This report initially overviews the current state of the art, covering issues such as cross-system content transfer, unique identifiers for authors and works, and compound object support. It then examines a number of specific initiatives (AuthorClaim, CRIS-OAR, DataCite, DINI Certificate for Document and Publication Services, DOI, DRIVER, Handle System, KE Usage Statistics Guidelines, OAI-ORE, OAI-PMH, OA-Statistik, OA Repository Junction, OpenAIRE, ORCID, PersID, PIRUS, SURE, SWORD, and UK RepositoryNet+). - CB

Ellis, Shaun, and Maureen  Callhan. "Prototyping as a Process for Improved User Experience with Library and Archives WebsitesCode4Lib Journal  (18)(3 October 2012)( - In this paper, the authors discuss use of a subset of the Agile method of software development to prototype a new interface for Princeton University's archival collections. They give a broad overview of the steps taken, outlining a method that any group could adapt for a website redesign. The group working on this project began by developing a goals document to guide their process, and made sure that they choose development tools (for bug tracking and prototype development) that served their needs and were easy to use. Once the group had a prototype ready, they immediately put it in front of groups of potential users to see how they reacted, and what could be tweaked or otherwise changed. The article is a useful look at strategies that can be employed to speed up the process of developing or redesigning an interface, while still collecting useful feedback from potential users. - AC

Head, Alison J.. "Learning Curve: How College Graduates Solve Information Problems Once They Join the WorkplaceProject Information Literacy  (16 October 2012)( - This report looks at the research skills of recent college graduates from two angles - employers' expectations of their research skills, and their own experience transitioning research skills from a college to a corporate environment. The study, though it has a small sample size, highlights the gap between the research skills students develop in college, and the skills necessary once they are out in the working world. Employers expect that new hires will be able to apply their research skills in an environment where problem solving is far more iterative - and where the problem is more vaguely defined - than their new hires experienced in college. The new hires who were the most successful in making this transition were those who most quickly embraced the social aspect of the workplace, cultivating relationships with coworkers and asking for advice, assistance and feedback. This preliminary look at what new graduates face once they arrive in the workplace poses a variety of new questions for librarians to consider in developing information literacy curricula. - AC

Marchioni, Gary, and Barbara B.  Moran. Information Professionals 2050: Educational Possibilities and Pathways  Chapel Hill, NC: School of Information and Library Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel-Hill, October 2012.( - This is a collection of position papers solicited for a symposium honoring the 80th anniversary of the UNC at Chapel Hill School of Information and Library Science that occurred in June 2012. The themes included in the compilation include: 1) Education, 2) Libraries and Archives, 3) the Information Industry and 4) Information Trends. Among the illustrious pundits included are such library luminaries as Marshall Breeding, Mary Chute, Lorcan Dempsey, Michael Eisenberg, Elizabeth Liddy, Charles Lowry, Cathy Marshall, Nancy Roderer, and Roger Schoenfeld, among others. Suffice it to say that there is enough here for anyone to agree or disagree with. The point isn't agreement, it's thought. If one or more of these essays inspire your thinking, then it has fulfilled the goal of the editors. Note: This work is dedicated to Lee Dirks, who died tragically with his wife and a Peruvian guide on a mountain road in Peru to the shock and dismay of more admirers than can possibly be named, including the author of this citation. - RT

Waugh, Laura. UNT Libraries: Open Access Fund Research Report  Denton , TX: University of North Texas Libraries, 2012.( - Academic libraries contemplating establishing open access funds to support researcher publication in open access and hybrid journals are faced with a number of choices. For example, should there be a limit to the amount of support for publishing a particular article or should the fund pay the entire publication cost? This document analyzes the open access policies of 30 universities and identifies common practices that may help universities avoid having to start from scratch with policy development. It also includes survey data and recommendations related to the University of North Texas' effort to launch an open access fund. - CB

Whitelaw, Mitchell. "Towards Generous Interfaces for Archival CollectionsInternational Council on Archives Congress, 20-24 August 2012, Brisbane, Australia  (August 2012)( - I can remember when first microfiche, then terminals, replaced the massive card catalogs at the library of the University of California, Berkeley. The loss of an impression of what the collection might contain was palpable. No longer did the sheer scale of the catalog provide an indication of the massive collections they described, nor did a quick perusal of one's favorite topic drawer yield a quick sense of the collection's depth in that area. The researcher had been set adrift. Now Whitelaw's focus on "generous interfaces" attempts to ameliorate that kind of problem somewhat for digital archival collections. The basic idea is to be "generous" with the content held within, and expose it for browsing more thoroughly and effectively. Among the principles he espouses: 1) Show first, don't ask, 2) Provide rich overviews, 3) Provide samples, 4) Provide context, and 5) Share high quality primary content. He uses a number of examples from the National Gallery and the National Museum of Australia, among others, to illustrate his points. Highly recommended for anyone charged with providing a user interface to digital content. - RT