Current Cites

March 2013

Edited by Roy Tennant

http://currentcites.org/2013/cc13.24.3.html

Contributors: Alison Cody, Peter Hirtle, Brian Rosenblum, Roy Tennant


Association of College and Research Libraries. Working Group on Intersections of Scholarly Communication and Information Literacy, . Intersections of Scholarly Communication and Information Literacy: Creating Strategic Collaborations for a Changing Academic Environment  Chicago, IL: Association of College and Research Libraries, 2013.(http://acrl.ala.org/intersections). - Two major areas of ongoing change in the digital information environment are information literacy and scholarly communication. While the changes in each of these areas (and corresponding implications for libraries) are well-recognized and discussed, the two areas are interrelated in ways that have received surprisingly less examination. This ACRL white paper examines the intersections of these two major domains of change, argues that librarians are uniquely situated to lead in these areas, and offers some strategies for libraries ("core responses") to bring together information literary and scholarly communication efforts on their campuses. Among the recommendations: integrate pedagogy and scholarly communication into educational programs for librarians; develop new models of information literacy curricula; and make organizational changes to allow these domains to truly converge. - BR

Band, Jonathan, and Jonathan  Gerafi. Foreign Ownership of Firms in IP-Intensive Industries  Washington, D.C.: Policybandwidth.com, March 2013.(http://infojustice.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/foreignownrep.pdf). - Do you know where the companies that produce the books, recordings, and movies in library collections are located? Band and Gerafi look at the major players in copyright industries and the results are startling. For example, most of the major trade book publishing is done by foreign-owned firms. Foreign-owned firms received more than 90 percent of the revenue generated by the five largest STM and professional publishers, and only seven of the world’s 50 largest publishers in all categories are U.S.-owned. The authors are quick to note that "there is... nothing sinister about foreign ownership of firms in IP intensive industries, including foreign ownership of companies originally established in the U.S." But the protection of US IP-intensive industries is often a justification given for strengthening and extending copyright protections. This study suggests that these IP policies adopted by Congress and the Executive Branch may actually be benefiting foreign corporations at the expense of U.S. consumers. - PH

Beall, Jeffrey. "Predatory Publishing is Just One of the Consequences of Gold Open AccessLearned Publishing  26(2)(April 2013): 79-83. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1087/20130203). - (subscription required) Jeffrey Beall is well-known for his list of "predatory" publishers: publishers that use deceptive practices to lure manuscript submissions and their accompanying article processing fees. His willingness to "name names," even in the face of charges that he is defaming and libeling certain publishers, has made him a hero to many librarians. In this article, Beall takes a broader look at open access publishing. He argues that open access is the cause of predatory publishing. More importantly, he finds open access publishing not only to be a failure, but an actual threat to the future of scholarly publishing. I found plenty to question as I read his piece. I wonder, for example, whether publisher discounts "essentially resolved the serials crisis by 2004" or whether it was solely publishers who "solved" the high journal price problem for the developing world. I'd like to see evidence showing that our inability to resolve the serials crisis is caused by the failure to collaborate of "collectivist and anti-capitalist" unionized librarians who demand "high salaries, benefits, and favorable perks for themselves while simultaneously wailing over the ‘greed’ of the scholarly publishers." Nevertheless, the article challenges us to think about open access in new ways. And it is a useful reminder that there are critics of open access beyond the confines of the Scholarly Kitchen. (Aside: Naturally enough, there is no open access to this paper. If you don't have access to a subscription, you can purchase the 5 page PDF for $24.39 + tax. This may give a new definition to "predatory publishing.") - PH

Epstein, Jim. "Amateur Beats Gov't at Digitizing Newspapers: Tom Tryniski’s Weird, Wonderful WebsiteReason.com  (5 March 2103)(http://reason.com/reasontv/2013/03/05/amateur-beats-gov-at-digitizing-newspape). - Tom Tryniski is a retiree with a scanner and a passion for newspapers. And during the past decade, he has combined the two to make over 22 million pages freely available on his Fultonhistory.com web site; he is adding about 250,000 new pages a month. Epstein's report on Tryniski's efforts admits that the site "has a bizarre interface that includes swimming fish and the occasional live video stream of squirrels eating corn on Tryniski's front deck." (Epstein doesn't mention that many of the OCR'ed pages are searchable via Google.) Yet overall Epstein praises this homegrown effort (actually frontyard - watch the video to see the server room in the gazebo on the front deck), especially in comparison to the Library of Congress's Chronicling America site, which has made 5 million pages available but at a cost of millions of dollars. Epstein is careful to note that everything about Chronicling America is better, but questions whether it is worth the additional cost. Tryniski's efforts raise those age-old digitization questions: is something better than nothing, and when is the perfect the enemy of the good? - PH

Van Epps, Amy, and Megan Sapp  Nelson. "One-shot or Embedded? Assessing Different Delivery Timing for Information Resources Relevant to AssignmentsEvidence Based Library and Information Practice  8(1)(2013): 4-18. (http://ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/EBLIP/article/view/18027/14854). - In this study, the authors set out to examine how best to provide introductory information literacy support to a class of freshmen. The authors took three sections of a communication class for engineering students, and prepared the same support materials (LibGuide, etc) for all sections, which had four major assignments to complete. One section received the usual 50-minute instruction session during the second week of the semester. The other two sections received the same content split into four 12-minute instruction sessions distributed throughout the semester, just prior to each assignment. The authors then took the bibliographies from all student work and analyzed the references for quality and types of resources used. The authors found that the students who received the distributed instruction used references of a higher quality. This supports what many librarians already understand intuitively - that information literacy instruction is best received at the time of need - and points to a model of analysis that can be adapted for use on other campuses where faculty need convincing to move away from their standard single session at the start of the semester. - AC

Wright, Forrest. "What do Librarians Need to Know About MOOCs?D-Lib Magazine  19(3/4)(March/April 2013)(http://dlib.org/dlib/march13/wright/03wright.html). - Seemingly overnight, Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have taken the world of higher education by storm. If you work at a university library you have likely heard of them if not actually taken one by now. But whatever your level of knowledge, this is a useful overview of MOOCs and what you might need to know about them as a librarian. Wright introduces the main players and speculates about potential issues and roles for libraries. Also potentially of interest may be the recordings from a conference on MOOCs and libraries recently sponsored by my employer (OCLC), which will soon be posted on the conference page. - RT