Current Cites

July 2014

Edited by Roy Tennant

Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Alison Cody, Peter Hirtle, Nancy Nyland, Roy Tennant

Editor's Note: With this issue we have ended our 24th year of continuous monthly publication and we are entering our 25th. The real celebrations will happen a year from now, when we finish out our 25th year, but beginnings can be marked as well. In doing so, I want to give a shout-out to another volunteer publication project, The Code4Lib Journal. Their 25th issue was recently published, also online and free as Current Cites has been. I admit to originally being skeptical that the journal would thrive or even survive, as it is not easy to keep an all-volunteer crew engaged and committed over long spans of time. I know, because I have lived it. But they have clearly proven to have the kind of staying power that Current Cites has enjoyed, and I look forward to many more years of The Code4Lib Journal landing on my virtual doorstep. We have cited many of the articles appearing there (including one in this month's issue) and we expect to cite many more. Keep up the great work, and we will too! - Roy Tennant

Band, Jonathan. What Does the HathiTrust Decision Mean for Libraries?  Washington, D.C.: Library Copyright Alliance, 7 July 2014.( - No one knows the litigation associated with mass digitization better than Jonathan Band. In this brief (7-page) report, he explains why the the Court of Appeals concluded that the HathiTrust did not infringe the copyrights of the Authors Guild or its members. More importantly, he argues that while the decision speaks directly only to a narrow set of facts (digitization for indexing and use by the print-disabled), the reasoning in the decision can also be used to justify much broader fair use access to works. Providing historians of science with full-text access to older scientific works or enabling full-text access to monographs with limited circulation could, he argues, be deemed to be fair uses. Band's report provides fertile grounds for future discussion with those responsible for risk management in the library. - PH

Cohen, Daniel. "The Digital Public Library of America: Collaboration, Content, and Technology at ScaleEDUCAUSE Review  (July/August 2014): 56-57. ( - This update on the Digital Public Library (DPLA) will likely take no one by surprise who has even marginally been paying attention to this effort. But it can serve as a good overview of what the DPLA is doing now and what they plan for the near future. One of their efforts includes a project funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to train public librarians in digitizing and describing unique content. With a web site that has attracted over 1 million unique visitors as of April 2014 and an API that has been hit over 9 million times, the immediate attention and use of the DPLA has been gratifying given that this is only their second year of operation. That traffic in turn gets directed back to the "hubs" that provide the metadata and content, thereby increasing their usage as well. - RT

Head, Alison J. "Project Information Literacy's Lifelong Learning Study Phase One: Interviews with Recent GraduatesProject Information Literacy  (July 29, 2014)( - This research brief is part of an ongoing project in which researchers from Project Information Literacy are investigating the lifelong learning needs of recent college grads. Phase one, covered in this brief, consisted of telephone interviews with 63 graduates from 10 colleges and universities. Phase two, which will take place this fall, will take the trends identified in these interviews and test them against a much larger sample, using quantitative methods. In this phase, the researchers found that respondents were primarily (though not exclusively) engaging in continued learning related to their employment, and that they're using a wide variety of materials available online, from discussion forums to MOOCs. Interestingly, those they spoke to are using blogs - a medium that PIL has found undergraduates use infrequently - as part of their ongoing learning. The interviewees also indicated that the critical thinking skills they developed in college were useful as they sought out and evaluated material to fill their current information needs. - AC

Ioannidis, John P.A., Kevin W.  Boyack, and Richard  Klavans. "Estimates of the Continuously Publishing Core in the Scientific WorkforcePLOS ONE  9(7)(2014)( - Using data from the Scopus database, The authors of this study investigated the number of researchers who published continuously from 1996–2011. They found that less than one percent did so (150,608 out of 15,153,100 authors). However, this tiny faction of authors made an outsized contribution to the literature, accounting for 41.7% of all papers. These authors had outstanding citation metrics, with about three-fourths of them having an h-index of 16 or higher. They also wrote 87.1% of all papers with more than 1,000 citations. - CB

Leeder, Kim, and Eric  Frierson, eds. Planning Our Future Libraries: Blueprints for 2025  Chicago: IL: ALA Editions, 2014.( - In 1992, Michael Buckland published Redesigning Library Services: A Manifesto. He advocated for three- to ten-year strategic planning in libraries to prepare for the shift from print materials to electronic media. In Planning Our Future Libraries, eight contributors move the conversation forward twenty years, advocating for the participation of library users as co-developers of the library; the design of more meaningful space in libraries; and the creation of roaming, or "free range" librarians. Many libraries may want to adopt the Google model for managing innovation, as suggested, and the essayist acknowledges the difficulties in funding and staffing that would have to be overcome. Funding could be increased by the creation of a national library card or, failing that, a national trust for libraries. "Libraries cannot wait for the next windfall" (p. 90) from the next Andrew Carnegie or Bill Gates. The contributors advance the conversation in several areas critical to libraries now, which are more varied than just a plan for technology. An abridged version of Buckland's original manifesto is included for comparison purposes. - NN

Spurgin, Kristina M. "Getting What We Paid for: A Script to Verify Full Access to E-ResourcesCode4Lib Journal  (25)(21 July 2014)( - In this article, the author reports on the development and deployment of an automated script that can verify the actual full-text availability of items in an e-resources package. This enables e-resources staff to more quickly identify any items that are not available, and rectify the access problem with the vendor. The script checks a list of URLs and verifies whether the source code is indicating that an end user could see and use the resource, or would run into an access problem. The author explains her process in building the script - itself a project she took on in order to learn the coding language Ruby - and suggestions for further development and improvement. The materials and documentation necessary to run and build on the script are also provided. This tool looks to be useful for libraries of all sizes, and it seems to this reviewer that it would not take a whole lot of technical knowledge to implement it - just a willingness to dive in and follow the documentation provided. - AC

Wilson, T. D. "The E-book Phenomenon: A Disruptive TechnologyInformation Research: An International Electronic Journal  19(2)(June 2014)( - This Library Link of the Day article for June 23, 2014 places e-books in the context of several different models of technological innovation. E-books arrived at the confluence of two other disruptive technologies with the advent of self publishing and e-book readers. The software that made books readable on a desktop computer was an innovation, but e-books became a disruptive technology when they were made portable by e-book readers and tablets. Authors further disrupted the traditional publishing model by embracing the sale of their work directly to readers as e-books. Disruptive technologies produce innovation, and we are only at the beginning of the use of possible innovations. Video clips and interactivity could reinvent the definition of a book, and be especially useful for manuals and textbooks. In spite of the possibilities, more than one study has indicated that university students may have some preference for print textbooks over e-books. The cost savings has caused at least one school to convert to e-textbooks, regardless of student preferences. The author also notes the differences in e-book adoption in different countries, cultures and languages, including those categorized as "small language countries." Such a global perspective is much needed, and the comparisons between e-book adoption in different cultures make for fascinating reading. - NN