Current Cites

September 2014

Edited by Roy Tennant

Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Peter Hirtle, Leo Robert Klein, Nancy Nyland, Roy Tennant

Recommended Format Specifications  Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 2014.( - The Library of Congress developed these format recommendations for both physical and digital resources to serve both internal purposes as well as "to inform the creative and library communities on best practices for ensuring the preservation of, and long-term access to, the creative output of the nation and the world." The recommendations are clear and succinct, and cover the following broad areas of content: Textual Works and Musical Compositions, Still Image Works, Audio Works, Moving Image Works, Software and Electronic Gaming and Learning, and Datasets/Databases. Specific recommendations are made in "preferred" and "acceptable" categories and often include a ranked list of options; for example, for digital still images in the "preferred" category recommendations range from uncompressed TIFF at the most desirable end to GIF at the least desirable. Anyone wanting to have the best possible chance for their precious content to survive into the future should pay close attention to these recommendations, for which comments are solicited until the end of March 2015. - RT

Behnk, Rebecca, Karina  Georgi, and Regine  Granzow, et. al."Testing the HathiTrust Copyright Search Protocol in Germany: A Pilot Project on Procedures and ResourcesD-Lib Magazine  20(9/10)(15 September 2014)( - Ok, I admit it. I am a copyright geek. I love the intricacies in the law, and I love how the skills that librarians have can contribute to its implementation. That is why I enjoyed this article by a group of German library school students. They took a list of 120 titles published in Germany between 1873 and 1933 found in the HathiTrust database and tried to figure out if they were in the public domain in Germany. Along the way, they discovered the challenges facing authority librarians as they tried to link individual editors to specific titles and to biographical information. Their report on the project offers a useful summary of German copyright law and an analysis of major biographical tools. The best part of their work is that 100 of the 109 titles they investigated are in the public domain and are now available to readers outside of the United States. Let's hope that their research sparks a formal effort in Germany to investigate the current copyright status of all 600,000 German works found in the HathiTrust. In the meantime, anyone working with German source material will want to read this. - PH

Bell, Steven J. "Staying True to the Core: Designing the Future Academic Library Experienceportal: Libraries and the Academy  14(3)(July 2014): 369 - 382. ( - As technology evolves, user experience (UX) design is evolving with it. Use of UX design has expanded from designing Web interfaces to designing the entire “student experience.” Although user design is discussed in reference to academic libraries, it applies equally to public and other types of libraries. Concepts like usability and usability testing have expanded to encompass the design of the totality of the user experience. Rather than asking users to learn the library, technology will enable libraries to learn their users’ preferences, much as retail establishments track customer behavior. Library patrons will be able to use their electronic device of choice in the type of space that they prefer to implement their favorite research method. Three emerging technologies that will help libraries do this are artificial intelligence agents, wearable computers and the Internet of Things. Technology will also enable librarians to create a total environment for students that includes personal connections established online, perhaps even more easily than they are now made in person. These forward leaps will be “best done with robust participation in the design process by staff from across the organization.” - NN

Treloar, Andrew. "The Research Data Alliance: Globally Co-Ordinated Action against Barriers to Data Publishing and SharingLearned Publishing  27(Special Issue)(2014): S9-S13. ( - This paper overviews the development and the current status of the Research Data Alliance ( It examines the mission, organizational structure, and governance of the RDA. It also provides a brief synopsis of lessons learned during its first year. The paper is part of a special open access issue on data publishing that also includes: "Altmetrics as a Means of Assessing Scholarly Output," "Data and Scholarly Publishing: The Transforming Landscape," "Mandating Data Archiving: Experiences from the Frontline," "Preserving the Integrity of the Scientific Record: Data Citation and Linking," and "Rounding up the Data: Libraries Pushing New Frontiers." - CB

Vardi, Moshe Y. "Would Turing Have Passed the Turing Test?Communications of the ACM  57(9)(September 2014): 5. ( - Apparently imitation isn't the best form of flattery, at least in judging whether machines can think. Acting intelligently is far more important, the author argues. The subtitle of the piece is "It's time to consider the Imitation Game as just a game". - LRK