Current Cites

May 2015

Edited by Roy Tennant

http://currentcites.org/2015/cc15.26.5.html

Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Peter Hirtle, Nancy Nyland, Roy Tennant


Brylawski, Sam, Maya  Lerman, and Robin  Pike, et. al.ARSC Guide to Audio Preservation  Washington, DC: ARSC, CLIR, and Library of Congress, 2015.(http://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub164/pub164.pdf). - Want to know how to clean a wax cylinder recording? This comprehensive guide to audio preservation will tell you ("Dry clean or wet clean with deionized water only"). It overviews audio preservation issues, discusses audio formats, examines appraisal and prioritization strategies, describes care and maintenance procedures, surveys metadata issues, covers preservation reformatting techniques, treats post-digitization concerns, and probes legal issues. Best of all it "aims to help public and private institutions, as well as individual collectors, that have sound recordings in their collections but lack the professional expertise in one or more areas to preserve them." And it's under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. - CB

Konkiel, Stacy, Michelle  Dalmau, and David  Scherer. Altmetrics and analytics for digital special collections and institutional repositories  s.l.: figshare, 24 April 2015.(http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1392140). - As our colleague Charles Bailey's 2013 Altmetrics Bibliography suggested, new methods for measuring scholarly impact are of growing interest. Much of the altmetric literature has focused on journal articles and sought methods other than journal impact factor to assess value. The authors of this paper argue that altmetrics should be used to measure the return on investment of digitized special collections and institutional repositories (IRs) as well. It is no longer enough just to digitize rare materials or add content to an IR; one must also "extend the metrics we track to present a more complete and compelling story of scholarly and popular use of library-hosted digital content." The goal should be to know who is using our content, and for what purposes. To help advance this goal the authors briefly discuss common altmetric sources and provide examples of how some special collections and IRs are using them. - PH

Meeker, Mary. Internet Trends 2015 -- Code Conference  Menlo Park, CA: Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, 27 May 210.(http://kpcbweb2.s3.amazonaws.com/files/90/Internet_Trends_2015.pdf). - Mary Meeker is well-known for these kinds of "here is the Internet's impact in one set of slides" presentations, and this one certainly doesn't disappoint. It can be truly astonishing to see where we have come in the last 20 years, from a market capitalization of "Global public Internet companies" of $27 Billion to $2.4 Trillion now, and only one company (Apple) still on the list of the top 15. Most of the rest didn't even exist back then. But of course that is only one slide out of a deck that weighs in at nearly 200 slides. So there is much see here, and digest and interpret. And don't make the mistake of thinking that this doesn't affect libraries. It does. It has. And it will continue to do so. So understanding what this all means for libraries is important. Highly recommended. - RT

Rubel, Alan, and Mei  Zhang. "Four Facets of Privacy and Intellectual Freedom in Licensing Contracts for Electronic JournalsCollege & Research Libraries   76(4)(May 2015): 427-449. (http://crl.acrl.org/content/76/4/427.abstract). - Why do librarians treat library information confidentially? Rubel and Zhang argue that it is to protect four facets of intellectual freedom. They then look at a sample of licenses for electronic resources to see if those licenses meet library goals. While some facets of intellectual freedom are not affected by license terms, other fail miserably. 38% of licenses, for example, require libraries to actively monitor use of licensed material in order to guard against unauthorized use. Even more problematic is their suggestion that failure to comply with license terms may leave library patrons vulnerable to criminal charges under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, the law used to threaten Aaron Schwartz and which contributed to his suicide. The authors suggest that many potential problems could be solved if Tomas Lipinski's licensing suggestions were followed. The combination of philosophical and practical analysis makes this piece must-reading for anyone involved with licensing. - PH

Stibel, Jeff. Breakpoint: Why the Web Will Implode, Search Will Be Obsolete, and Everything Else You Need to Know About Technology is in Your Brain  New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.(http://us.macmillan.com/books/9781137279392). - When humans invented machines, they created a model of the brain as a machine. Now that we have computers, the brain is modeled as a computer network. When quantum computing becomes commonplace, our model of the brain will change again. In the meantime, comparisons of the human brain as network to reindeer herds and ant colonies as networks are fun to contemplate. Although the discussion is primarily about the Web as a technology network, it reminds us that human beings are a part of nature, not separate from it. The natural world predated by millennia the behaviors of computer networks created by the human brain. They can expand up to a point, the breakpoint, and then must either contract and become smarter, or collapse. As the author states, he takes "readers of Breakpoint to the intersection of the brain, biology, and technology." That intersection is an interesting corner to stand on now, and developments such as wearable technology, or "neurowear," promise to only make it more interesting in the future. - NN