Current Cites

June 2015

Edited by Roy Tennant

http://currentcites.org/2015/cc15.26.6.html

Contributors: Warren Cheetham, Peter Hirtle, Leo Robert Klein, Nancy Nyland, Roy Tennant


Moniarou-Papaconstantinoua, Valentini and Kalliopi Triantafylloub. "Job Satisfaction and Work Values: Investigating Sources of Job Satisfaction with Respect to Information ProfessionalsLibrary & Information Science Research  37(2)(April 2015): 164–170. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lisr.2015.02.006). - I guess an alternative title to this one might be, 'Librarians, What Makes Us Tick'. The authors measure responses to a survey from 'information professionals' in Greece. Despite the hard times, results reveal that 'information professionals were satisfied with their job'. The authors then go into the differences based on type of library (eg public, academic, archive, etc.) - LRK

Ford, Paul. "What is Code?Bloomberg Businessweek  (11 June 2015)(http://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2015-paul-ford-what-is-code/). - Bloomberg Businessweek devoted the entire June 11 issue to a long explication of code, software, and the entire ecology of making computers do your bidding. Or trying to, at least. The author delves into coding conferences, the lack of enough women in the field, and a variety of other topics, arguments (my language is best!), and controversies surrounding software development. Although it is perhaps too long for anyone except a programmer to put up with, it really could serve as a thorough grounding in all things code for those to whom it is a mystery. Although I skimmed through the print version, being a subscriber, the online version is, well, more entertaining. - RT

Mount, Dan. "A Review of Public Library E-Lending ModelsCivic Agenda  (December 2014)(http://stichting.bibliotheek.nl/content/dam/landelijk/stichting/bestanden/Rapporten-Public-Library-e-Lending-Models.pdf). - Covering 18 different models across 15 different countries in Europe and North America, this review provides an interesting look at the way numerous library services in those countries are attempting to develop public library e-lending models, a relatively new service challenge with constant change a feature. Examining various factors like policy, commercial models, cost and licences, the conclusion reached is that the models of e-lending being developed by the Flemish and Dutch are among the most efficient and cost effective in Europe. Of higher significance is the comment that greater dialogue between libraries and publishers is essential, as well as a need for ongoing testing, analysis and sharing of new e-lending models, using data to support findings. - WC

Register of Copyrights. Orphan Works and Mass Digitization: A Report of the Register of Copyrights  Washington, D.C.: United States Copyright Office, June 2015.(http://copyright.gov/orphan/reports/orphan-works2015.pdf). - Over ten years has elapsed since the Copyright Office first started looking at the problem of "orphan works": those works whose copyright owners cannot be located. In the interim, Google's mass digitization project commenced. In this report, the Register of Copyright proposes action in both areas. As far as orphan works are concerned, the Register reintroduces proposals that failed in Congress in the past. She suggests users of orphan works should undertake a "reasonable search" for the copyright owner and file notice with the Copyright Office of the proposed use in order to secure a waiver of damages. As Mike Masnick in Techdirt correctly points out, the Office is proposing to fix the problem caused to a large extent by the lack of any formalities needed to secure copyright by imposing formalities on users. As for mass digitization, the Register proposes a voluntary extended collective license. It would be similar in spirit to the proposed settlement in the Google books litigation that ultimately was rejected by the court, but would not be as extensive. And unlike the European examples on which it is modeled, it would be users, and not the government, that would pay the cost. These proposed solutions may benefit reproduction rights organizations and some publishers, but it is hard to see how they would do much other than impose unsustainable costs on libraries. - PH

Skoric, Jane, and Carol  Seiler. "Taming the Information FrontierThe Serials Librarian  68(2015): 370-377. (http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0361526X.2015.1021218#.VZGjIUZi-pQ). - Criteria for print periodicals weeding vary widely by library type, from Eigenfactor ratings of citation and influence in large science research libraries, to browse statistics and staff surveys in smaller academic and public libraries. As a small, private, academic library, the Santa Clara University Library falls somewhere in between. The fact that they had not reviewed their print periodicals for seven years created an opportunity to take a fresh look at weeding criteria and select appropriate measures. A standard technique is to create a custom grid of titles and factors likely to be most useful in a given library environment. The article outlines very specific and practical ways to determine what print titles to cancel. The authors generously share their decision-making grid, which was also made available to all users during the review for “communication and accountability.” Online reports were set up that provided needed information for an immediate second review, and will facilitate regular analysis of print periodicals during future weeding projects. - NN

Warren, John W. "Zen and the Art of Metadata MaintenanceThe Journal of Electronic Publishing  18(3)(Summer 2015)(http://quod.lib.umich.edu/j/jep/3336451.0018.305?view=text;rgn=main). - Although this lengthy paean to metadata is aimed at publishers, a community that only relatively recently climbed on the metadata bandwagon, librarians may find it to be of interest as well. Warren follows all the various paths that metadata trods, from book description to user interaction with books to "social metadata". "Metadata is full of paradox," Warren asserts, "Publishers must exert control and perfect metadata for their titles, while also unleashing it into the world and therefore inviting loss of control and imperfection...Metadata helps solve queries, explain answers, and distinguish between legitimate and deceptive sources of information in a world in which the volume of information and the complexity of search are increasing inexorably. Combined with statistical text analysis, metadata holds promise to increase the data-rich aspects of social science, offer highly targeted search results, improve the learning effectiveness of digital textbooks, and identify specific thematic areas of commercial promise to publishers. Metadata, connecting producers, distributors, and users of content, weaves together the rich tapestry of information in the digital age." Full disclosure: my employer (OCLC) is mentioned and colleagues work cited. - RT