Current Cites

June 2016

Edited by Roy Tennant

Contributors: Warren Cheetham, Peter Hirtle, Leo Robert Klein, Nancy Nyland

Leetaru, Kalev. "Should All Academic Research Be Free And What Wikipedia Can Teach Us About PublishingForbes  (14 June 2016)( - Kalev Leetaru clearly outlines the challenges and opportunities that academic publishing faces moving from print to online publishing, with most of the article explaining the current model and its difficulties. He then unpacks the question, “Why is it that academic papers are published to the web in PDF format as static historical museum snapshots of a field at a moment in time, when the rest of the web is a living breathing dynamic ecosystem of content that changes in real time?” This draws the comparison to Wikipedia “as a living and constantly evolving source of knowledge” and proposes some possible models to explore. Pieces like this that explain library issues to a general audience (in this case, the business and finance audience of Forbes) are incredibly useful to share with both managers/decision-makers, and library colleagues who need a primer on current library issues. - WC

Levine, Melissa, Richard C.  Adler, and Justin  Bonfiglio. Finding the Public Domain: Copyright Review Management System Toolkit  Ann Arbor, Michigan: Michigan Publishing, 13 June 2016.( - No one has done more to identify public domain works than the Copyright Review Management System at the University of Michigan Library. This toolkit describes the research methods, technology, and collaborations that have enabled it to identify over 300,000 items in the HathiTrust database that are in the public domain. It shows that while implementing a legally sound methodology for identifying public domain works is not easy, it is also within the grasp of most libraries. Full disclosure: I have served on the CRMS Advisory Working Group. - PH

Marcum, Deanna B. "Continuing Education for Information ProfessionalsEDUCAUSE Review Online  (13 June 2016)( - Short but sweet piece on the continuing education needs of librarians and IT staff. The author emphasizes the fact that we have moved from isolated institutions with much of our content on-site, to networked communities where outreach and user-centered services are primary goals. - LRK

Publishers Communication Group, . Library Budget Predictions for 2016  Boston, MA: Publishers Communication Group, 2016.( - The concept of no longer assessing “inputs," but instead outputs or outcomes has become standard in libraries. Here is a report about library funding for numbers people who still like to see the inputs. After all, if libraries are not adequately funded, there will be neither inputs nor outcomes. The data is broken out in two ways: by type of library (academic, government, corporate or medical), and geographically by continent. The good news is that, globally, libraries are predicting increases in funding between 1% and 2%, on average. With apologies to Mark Twain, the reports of the death of print have been greatly exaggerated. There are still libraries increasing their print holdings, even print journals, although they are in a minority. Academic libraries in the category called "academic top" in North America are the most likely to have replaced print journals with e-journals, and adopted a discovery service. For those who do not have time to peruse all 41 pages, there is a summary on Flavorwire as mentioned in the June 3rd Library Link of the Day - NN

Rosa, Kathy, Ed.. "The State of America's Libraries 2016: A Report from the American Library AssociationAmerican Libraries: Special Issue  (April 2016)( - The American Library Association (ALA) has been publishing an annual report on the State of America's Libraries since 2006. This eleventh report summarizes issues and trends in academic, school and public libraries. The national issue most affecting technology is "Privacy in the Digital Age." ALA has endorsed Let's Encrypt", which would allow libraries to obtain a server certificate at zero cost. While some of the ideas discussed affect only one type of library, many of them, such as the Libraries Transform initiative, have useful ideas for all types of libraries. The report displays a banner from their "Because" campaign: "Because employers want candidates who know the difference between a Web search and research." Following up on the Libraries Transform site, they have other clever ideas for library banners, such as: "Because there is no single source for information (sorry, Wikipedia.) - NN

Sims, Nancy. "My Unpublished Research Was Scooped? Misconduct Reveals One Way Copyright Preserves Academic ValuesCollege & Research Libraries News  77(6)(June 2016): 296-301. ( - One often hears that copyright is necessary to foster innovation and creativity. In this engaging account of one of the rare lawsuits involving academics, Nancy Sims illustrates how copyright, if drawn too broadly, could actually hamper scholarship. She uses the lawsuit as the basis for an accessible explanation of two key aspects of copyright: the idea/expression dichotomy and the merger doctrine. Thanks to these doctrines, and to the surprise of many academics, "there are essential features of scholarship that are intentionally protected from copyright ownership." - PH