Current Cites

November 2017

Edited by Roy Tennant

http://currentcites.org/2017/cc17.28.11.html

Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Peter Hirtle, Leo Robert Klein, Nancy Nyland, Roy Tennant


Next​ ​Generation​ ​Repositories: Behaviours​ ​and​ ​Technical​ ​Recommendations​ ​of​ ​the​ ​COAR Next​ ​Generation​ ​Repositories​ ​Working​ ​Group  Göttingen, Germany: Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR), 28 November 2017.(https://www.coar-repositories.org/files/NGR-Final-Formatted-Report-cc.pdf). - "In April 2016," the report states, "COAR launched the Next Generation Repositories Working Group to identify the core functionalities for the next generation of repositories, as well as the architectures and technologies required to implement them. This report presents the results of work by this ​group ​over ​the ​last ​1.5 ​years." The report identifies eleven "behaviours" the group expects next generation repositories to support, and identifies the "technologies, standards and protocols" that they expect will support a new set of services on top of the repository infrastructure. It will be interesting to see if repository software developers (full disclosure: one of whom is my employer) pay attention to this report, and aspire to implement these behaviors. - RT

"Overhyped Fad or Missed Opportunity? A History of Academic Libraries and the Social WebJournal of Web Librarianship  (28 Nov 2017)(https://doi.org/10.1080/19322909.2017.1390424). - Social networks are so popular these days, it is almost impossible to ignore articles that look at their connection to libraries. This article focuses on academic libraries and while it is a bit mired in Library/Web 2.0 (remember that?), it is a useful summary of the literature. - LRK

Alagna, Laura. Case 18: Archiving Content from Mobile Devices: Challenges and Strategies  Chicago, IL: Society of American Archivists, October 2017.(http://files.archivists.org/pubs/CampusCaseStudies/CASE-18-Laura-Alagna.pdf). - Have you added any cell phones to your collection? The Northwestern University Archives discovered that many recent manuscript accessions included mobile devices that contained contact lists, text messages, photographs, and other records of permanent interest. But how does one get the information off of proprietary and obsolete hardware and into a digital repository? Alagna describes the workflow that Northwestern developed, including a highly successful crowd-sourced campaign to acquire power cables and data connectors. Her case study is a nice example of the out-of-the-box thinking that makes digital archiving one of the most interesting (and challenging) tasks in the modern library. - PH

Consumers Union. "Position Paper: Net Neutrality and the Open Internet  (2017)(http://consumersunion.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/FINAL.position-paper.CU_.net-neutrality.pdf). - On December 14, 2017, the FCC will vote on whether to accept Chairman Ajit Pai's "Proposal to Restore Internet Freedom." If accepted, this proposal will radically alter the Internet by rescinding net neutrality protections. Consumers Union's document clearly and succinctly describes what net neutrality is and why it is important. Although Consumers Union opposes efforts to eliminate net neutrality, it also summarizes the key arguments for doing so. Libraries have a significant stake in the outcome of the FCC's vote. This is the time to engage, for or against, in the net neutrality battle and to let the FCC and Congress know what you think. - CB

Marquez, Joe J., and Annie  Downey. Library Service Design: A LITA Guide to Holistic Assessment, Insight, and Improvement  Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2016.(https://rowman.com/ISBN/9781442263840/Library-Service-Design-A-LITA-Guide-to-Holistic-Assessment-Insight-and-Improvement). - Even the most impressive library technology will have little effect if patrons find it difficult to use. Service design offers a holistic way to look at a library as a system, including the way patrons interact with technology and other services. Library staff may experience the process of giving help as individual tasks. Service design looks at everything that happens in the library as a service, one that is analyzed from the perspective of the user. Chapter Four covers tools and techniques to assess and improve library services, such as: ecology maps, space analysis, interviews/contextual inquiry, surveys, service safaris, discussion groups, ethnography, customer journey maps, journaling, scenarios/expectation maps, prototyping, focus groups and blueprinting. Libraries can pick and choose the tools most useful to them to create a customized analysis for their own unique environment. In 2017, the authors published a supplemental workbook which outlines specific paths libraries can take to implement their service design program (see accompanying entry.) - NN

Marquez, Joe J., and Anne  Downey. Getting Started in Service Design: A How-To-Do-It Manual for Librarians  Chicago, IL: Neal-Schuman, 2017.(http://www.alastore.ala.org/detail.aspx?ID=11994). - The cover of Getting Started in Service Design explains that this volume is: “A Workbook That Supplements Library Service Design: A LITA Guide” (see separate entry.) The authors provide worksheets outlining specific steps for implementing individual service design tools. A brief summary of each concept is provided so that the workbook could be used as a stand-alone volume by library staff who are already somewhat familiar with a “service design mindset.” A sample Gantt chart provides assistance with organizing your service design project. The workbook adds five techniques to those suggested in the 2016 volume: service inventories, stakeholder maps, observation, “work like a user,” and graffiti walls. The 2016 LITA Guide and the workbook together create a comprehensive introduction and guide for those new to service design. Readers interested in delving further into the underpinnings are pointed to sources for design heuristics in a helpful bibliography. - NN

Schofield, Brianna L., and Robert Kirk  Walker. Fair Use for Nonfiction Authors: Common Scenarios with Guidance from Community Practice  [Berkeley, CA]: Authors Alliance, 29 November 2017.(https://www.authorsalliance.org/resources/fair-use/). - Have you ever been asked by a patron whether a particular use is a fair use? The proper - but unsatisfying - answer is "It depends...". Now the good folks at the Authors Alliance have prepared a guide to help with the question. It still can't provide legal advice, but it does address common scenarios and provide solid examples of what the courts have allowed in the past. It also hints at some of the pitfalls that can limit an author's ability to make use of fair use, including non-copyright restrictions imposed by some museums and archives as well as the limited benefit of fair use for works distributed outside of the U.S. Add this quick read to your copyright bookshelf. - PH