Current Cites

May 2018

Edited by Roy Tennant

http://currentcites.org/2018/cc18.29.5.html

Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Warren Cheetham, Peter Hirtle, Leo Robert Klein, Nancy Nyland, Roy Tennant


Breeding, Marshall. "Library Systems Report 2018American Libraries  49(5)(May 2018): 22-35. (https://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/2018/05/01/library-systems-report-2018/). - Marshall Breeding’s annual summary of the fast-moving changes in library software and companies is invaluable for library administrators and software purchasers. Even busy staff librarians will want to read the initial summary about the state of the library software industry, at least up to the section on OCLC resource sharing which reminds us that, happily, our ILL customers now have access to 16,000 libraries in 120 countries through the OCLC system. We continue on the journey of libraries from online catalogs to integrated library (management) systems (ILS or IMLS) through to library services platforms (LSPs.) The report is divided into sections for academic libraries, public libraries, school libraries and special libraries. Although the topic of open source arises in multiple contexts, open source ILS software merits its own section. Finally, “The International Scene,” highlights companies that, while they may operate only within a single country or region, are doing some interesting things we might like to know about. The information about the size of companies, their structure and number of customers is required reading for anyone considering the purchase of a new system. - NN

Casey, Michael J, and Paul  Vigna. "In Blockchain We TrustMIT Technology Review  121(3)(May-Jun2018): 10-16. (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/610781/in-blockchain-we-trust/). - Interesting look at the blockchain and cryptocurrency mania from a historical perspective. This is but the 'cover article' of an entire issue devoted to the pros and contras of these new technologies. For the latter, be sure to check out the piece by Surowieki. - LRK

Cope, Jez, and James  Baker. "Library Carpentry: Software Skills Training for Library ProfessionalsInternational Journal of Digital Curation   12(2)(11 May 2018)(https://doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v12i2.576). - This article presents a useful introduction to the technical training initiatives that go under the rubric of "carpentry." To "Software Carpentry" and "Data Carpentry" we can now add "Library Carpentry," a software skill training program for library and information professionals. A related initiative is the Digital Preservation Carpentry program underway at the University of Melbourne. What technical skills librarians will need to have and how to acquire them will continue to be a challenge; library carpentry is an intriguing contribution to a solution. - PH

Dodds, Francis. "Conflicting Academic Attitudes To Copyright Are Slowing The Move To Open AccessLSE Impact Blog  (10 May 2018)(http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2018/05/10/conflicting-academic-attitudes-to-copyright-are-slowing-the-move-to-open-access/). - Dodd summarizes the findings in his recent pay-walled article in Learned Publishing, "The changing copyright landscape in academic publishing." He notes that some authors are demanding a more author-friendly and open access-compatible license from their publishers instead of the traditional transfer of copyright. In addition, some publishers have taken steps to loosen their hold over the work of academic authors. Yet most authors appear to value a journal's reputation, its presumed quality of peer review, and its impact factor over its commitment to openness, and hence are more than willing to accept the standard assignment of copyright to the publisher. It suggests to me that until faculty authors change their attitudes towards publication and the nature of the agreements that they will sign, there is little librarians can do to alter the publication environment. - PH

Hughes, Kathleen. "The General Data Protection Regulation and U.S. Public LibrariesPublic Libraries Online  (24 May 2018)(http://publiclibrariesonline.org/2018/05/the-general-data-protection-regulation-and-u-s-public-libraries/). - How many emails with the phrase “We’ve updated our Terms of Service / Privacy Policy” have you received lately? As well as chance to delete your personal account on long-forgotten social media platforms and email lists (but not Current Cites!), the new European Union General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR) may require you to review some of your library policies relating to the collection and storage of customer details. No doubt your librarian search skills are awesome, but save yourself some clicks and visit this list of readings about the regulations. - WC

Kennedy, Marie R., and Cheryl  LaGuardia. Marketing Your Library's Electronic Resources: A How-to-do-it Manual for Librarians, 2nd ed.  London: Facet Publishing, 2017.(http://www.facetpublishing.co.uk/title.php?id=302673#.Ww1jNooh1eM). - Libraries may commit a major portion of their budget electronic resources, but patrons must know what is available and feel comfortable using e-resources to receive an optimal return on the investment. The authors give practical advice about a library’s technology that might not normally be thought of as marketing. They recommend that marketing planners “take a good, long, hard look at your library website” because it is both “a method of delivery and a major marketing tool already in place for your library’s e-resources.” Secondly, re-assess staff training to make sure that all those who will be helping patrons are fully knowledgeable about the library’s electronic resources. Finally, there are links to free software to help staff with areas where they may have a learning curve, such as project management. The last stage, assessment and revision, provides tools for libraries to collect relevant data to analyze and revise the marketing plan for their electronic resources. - NN

Thursby, Jerry G., Carolin  Haeussler, and Marie C.  Thursby, et. al."Prepublication Disclosure of Scientific Results: Norms, Competition, and Commercial OrientationScience Advances   4(5)(2018): eaar2133. (http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/4/5/eaar2133.full). - Green open access is based on the deposit of preprints, and this, in turn, is based on the willingness of researchers to disclose their results in a detailed form prior to formal publication. How do researchers feel about prepublication disclosure? This article examines that question. Based on their 7,000 plus sample of researchers, the authors found that about 33% did not disclose at all. The rest did at various states of research: 6.35% at the concept stage, about 40% when the validity of the findings was certain, and 21.4% when a paper was in draft form or submitted. Nondisclosure varied considerably by field from 11.8% in the social sciences to 35.3% in engineering. The authors' analysis of the motivations for disclosure or nondisclosure is detailed and revealing. For scholarly communication specialists, this study provides a wealth of useful information that can be helpful in promoting green open access. - CB

Woo, Melissa, Keith W.  McIntosh, and Deborah L.  Stanley-McAulay. "How to Plug the Leaky Bucket: Retention Strategies for Maintaining a Diverse WorkforceEDUCAUSE Review  (May/June 2018): 26-38. (https://er.educause.edu/articles/2018/5/how-to-plug-the-leaky-bucket-retention-strategies-for-maintaining-a-diverse-workforce). - Recruiting a diverse workforce is just one part of a broader set of strategies that need to be undertaken to ensure that the workers in your organization reflect the diversity of the people you serve. This piece tackles one such strategy -- retention of the diverse workforce you've presumably recruited. This timely and useful article presents techniques such as placing a staff member in a cross-functional team, encouraging them to attend learning opportunities off-campus, having the staff member lead or co-lead a meeting or project, discuss work/life balance techniques and strategies, and more. Additional information includes ways to fight stereotypes, raising awareness of unconscious bias, providing engagement and networking opportunities, and more. Every organization should much here to consider and implement to retain and empower a diverse workforce, and thereby make the organization stronger and more effective in its mission. - RT