Current Cites

August 2018

Edited by Roy Tennant

http://currentcites.org/2018/cc18.29.8.html

Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Warren Cheetham, Peter Hirtle, Leo Robert Klein, Nancy Nyland,


Affonso, Elaine P, and Ricardo CG  Sant'Ana. "Privacy Awareness Issues in User Data Collection by Digital LibrariesIFLA Journal  44(3)(1 October 2018): 170-182. (https://doi-org.ezproxy.depaul.edu/10.1177/0340035218777275). - First article in a whole issue devoted to privacy, libraries and the information sector. This one makes it clear that digital access to information increases the opportunity to gather data on the user while making it harder in turn for the user to understand and/or control exactly what is being shared. For analysis, the authors looked at transactions with a number of national library archives in South America, in particular the National Archive of Brazil. They conclude with the observation that privacy policies should "make explicit not only the collection of data that are easily noticeable to the user but also the data that are present in the flow of communication through computer networks". - LRK

Cohen, Rachael A., and Angie Thorpe  Pusnik. "Measuring Query Complexity in Web-Scale Discovery: A Comparison Between Two Academic LibrariesReference & User Services Quarterly  57(4)(Summer 2018): 274 - 284. (https://journals.ala.org/index.php/rusq/article/view/6705). - Librarians at two Indiana University campuses analyzed 18,000 transaction logs from their discovery service. The assignment of one or two LC classes to each search revealed not just popular topics and themes, but also areas where the library could fill gaps in collection development. Seeing how students search sparked ideas for improvement in library instruction, as well as staff discussion about how patrons are using their discovery service. Public librarians can benefit as well by seeing what their most popular searches and search methods are. Librarians can better prepare for the questions they are most likely to encounter, as well as anticipate what search missteps might have led their patrons to seek help at the desk. Transaction log analysis is especially useful to help academic librarians “recognize course themes,” creating a bridge to increased engagement with faculty. - NN

Giblin, Rebecca. "Five Countries and 100,000 Books – What the Data Tells Us About the Elending LandscapeThe eLending Project  (29 August 2018)(https://youtu.be/fRMiyPQypNY?t=8m14s). - The findings and data of a major global eLending study have just been released and the results provide a solid evidence-based platform for libraries to take a fresh-look at eBook and eLending models and licences. The eLending Project is a major research exercise led by a project team with experience in law, social research and data science, and is supported by national library associations, state libraries and public libraries in Australia, with cooperation from public libraries internationally. This keynote address at the IFLA World Library and Information Congress in Kuala Lumpur is accompanied by a free dataset and interactive dashboards at http://elendingproject.org/ The international study looked at almost 100,000 eBook titles, their relative availability, price and licence type across five countries. This produced a statistically meaningful dataset, from which multiple insights into eLending can be drawn. As the presenter Assoc. Professor Rebecca Giblin mentions in closing, the fact that such a diverse range of library partners has come together to support this research shows the fundamental importance of these issues. - WC

Kaiser, Ulrich. "Can Beethoven Send Takedown Requests? A First-Hand Account of One German Professor's Experience with Overly Broad Upload FiltersWikimedia Foundation News  (27 August 2018)(https://wikimediafoundation.org/2018/08/27/can-beethoven-send-takedown-requests-a-first-hand-account-of-one-german-professors-experience-with-overly-broad-upload-filters/). - As the European Parliament nears a vote on Article 13 of the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market (https://bit.ly/2Nzreei), this article provides a cautionary tale about what copyright filtering looks like in the real world. Following German copyright law to the letter, Kaiser digitized recordings of classical works made before January 1, 1963 and then created a website to allow downloading of these public domain works. He then put up a YouTube video to promote his website. In under three minutes, YouTube's ContentID system issued a copyright violation claim against his video. Kaiser appealed, noting that the claimant's own website indicated that the works were created in 1962, and the claim was withdrawn. He then created a test YouTube account and uploaded public domain works by Bartok, Schubert, and others. More copyright claims followed that had the be appealed. The result? "I wish I could tell you that the ending to this tale was wholly happy. It is true that many of my contestations of these copyright violations were successful, and the videos were not taken down from YouTube. However, I intended to release all of my videos under a free license, so that they could be used in the future for others to educate and inform students about these beautiful works. Even in cases where my defense to the ContentID claims were successful, the videos were not reverted to this free license, making it much more difficult for others to use and share these digitized works in the way I originally had intended." - CB

Task Force on Technical Approaches for Email Archives. The Future of Email Archives  Washington, D.C.: Council on Library and Information Resources, August 2018.(https://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub175/). - It has been almost 30 years since the Iran-Contra affair taught us both about the importance of email in understanding government actions and the difficulty of preserving it. This report from a task force sponsored by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the Digital Preservation Coalition argues persuasively that email has become central to the documentation of our society. Its good news is that it is possible for cultural repositories to appraise, acquire, process, preserve, and provide access to email-based collections. The bad news is that it is still difficult to do so. "Email preservation is doable," it suggests, "but not yet done by enough archives to achieve our shared community goal to preserve correspondence." Fortunately the report takes important steps to address the problem by providing useful background on the nature of email, the current tools available for archiving, model workflows that successful programs have adopted, and a proposed research agenda to make email archiving ever simpler and hence more ubiquitous. - PH