Current Cites

September 2018

Edited by Roy Tennant

Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Peter Hirtle, , Nancy Nyland, Roy Tennant

Aufderheide, Patricia, Brandon  Butler, and Krista  Cox, et. al.Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Software Preservation  [Washington, D.C.]: Association of Research Libraries, September 2018.( - It doesn't require much reflection to realize that the preservation of software is an important component of digital preservation. Content that exists only in digital form must first be "read" by a machine running appropriate software in order to render that content into human-readable form. If the software is not preserved, the content is nothing but a bunch of 1s and 0s. Furthermore, software itself has become a cultural entity whose history and development is a subject of academic research. Yet core software preservation activities are likely to trigger copyright concerns. This new report, developed as an affiliate project for the Software Preservation Network, proposes a line of reasoning that outlines when a fair use defense may be applicable. While the code "does not provide shortcuts in the form of prescriptive 'guidelines' or rules of thumb," it may still help digital preservation specialists sleep easier. The appendix discussing licensing agreements and the anti-circumvention provisions of the DMCA is particularly welcome. - PH

Joiner, Ida. "Getting to Yes: Stakeholder Buy-In for Implementing Emerging Technologies in Your LibraryITAL: Information Technology and Libraries  37(3)(September 2018): 5-7. ( - In this succinct piece (it's actually an editorial board "thoughts colum"), Joiner outlines a set of questions you should answer to persuade those who may require persuading to implement new technologies at a library. Armed with valid answers to these sensible questions should go a long way to either persuade you that perhaps it isn't a good idea, or overcome objections by those who believe that it isn't. As someone who has implemented new technologies in libraries, often over protests from some, I can attest that these are good questions to pose to yourself and to thoroughly work through the answers before making your case. - RT

Lewis, Colby Lil. "The Open Access Citation Advantage: Does It Exist and What Does It Mean for Libraries?Information Technology and Libraries  37(3)(2018): 50-65. ( - Does open access result in higher citations? That's an important question, and the author's analysis of studies published between July 2011 and February 2018, suggests that it is still unanswered. Included tabular summaries of field-specific and multidisciplinary studies make it easy to quickly overview the covered literature. The author concludes: "While a claim of causation does indeed require strict adherence to statistical methodology and control of potential confounders, few of the authors I have examined actually claim causation. They recognize that the empirical nature of their studies is not enough to prove causation, but rather to provide insight into the correlation between open access and a citation advantage. In all their conclusions, these authors acknowledge that further studies are needed to prove a causal relationship between OA and CA." - CB

Maceli, Monica G.. "Encouraging Patron Adoption of Privacy-Protection Technologies: Challenges for Public LibrariesIFLA Journal  44(3)(October 2018): 195-202. ( - Libraries face multiple challenges in protecting patron privacy. Library staff may not have a deep understanding of how privacy protection works, or have the technology skills to assist users. Library patrons are unsure about what actions they should take to protect their privacy. Internet users may be concerned about protecting their privacy, but feel unable to sort through the myriad of privacy-protection tools available. Instruction in privacy protection technologies from knowledgeable library staff is no guarantee that patrons will be able to take action to implement the tools provided. The concept of “privacy literacy”, expressed in a five-part framework, can help librarians identify gaps in patron knowledge and understand “the many reasons users cite for their privacy inactions.” The author advocates for more privacy-protection education in library science programs, and increased professional development opportunities for practicing library staff. - NN

Stinson, Alexander D., Sandra  Fauconnier, and Liam  Wyatt. "Stepping Beyond Libraries: The Changing Orientation in Global, Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science  9(3)(September 2018)( - Published as part of a special issue devoted to "Wikipedia, Libraries and Archives," this article does a number of useful things. For example, it provides an overview of the creation and evolution of the role of "Wikipedians in Residence" in GLAM (Galleries, Libraries, Archives, and Museums) institutions. It highlights the range of activities and functions of wikipedians, depending on funding, geographic location, and institutional context. It talks honestly about the current challenges associated with uploading content to Wikimedia Commons and what Wikimedia is trying to do do fix it. And it makes a strong case for libraries and museums to both contribute to and use the linked data found in Wikidata. I wish it had addressed the issue of when and why some GLAM institutions are in conflict with Wikimedia, most notably in the Reiss Engelhorn Museum's lawsuits against Wikimedia for posting images of public domain paintings. Still, for anyone wanting to know more about how Wikimedia Foundation projects can improve access to their repository's holdings, this is a good starting point - as are the resources developed by OCLC as part of its "Wikipedia + Libraries: Better Together" project. - PH