Current Cites

March 2019

Edited by Roy Tennant

Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Peter Hirtle, Nancy Nyland

Bunker, Matthew D. "Decoding Academic Fair Use: Transformative Use and the Fair Use Doctrine in ScholarshipJournal of Copyright in Education and Librarianship  3(1)(2019): 1-24. ( - One of the most important doctrines is copyright law is "fair use." Fair use is determined by a four-factor test: "(1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes; (2) the nature of the copyrighted work; (3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and (4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for the copyrighted work." (Section 107, Copyright Act, 2012). Simple, right? Unfortunately not. The interpretation of the fair use doctrine is not straightforward, and court rulings provide the only definitive case-by-case interpretations. This article is aimed at helping scholars to understand the application of the fair use doctrine as it applies to their typical uses of copyrighted material. It includes detailed sections on case law related to "scholarly appropriation," "the analysis and criticism of literary and artistic works," "biographies," and the "reproduction of social scientific instruments." The author also provides some helpful recommendations on key aspects of fair use. - CB

Cirasella , Jill, and Polly  Thistlethwaite. "Open Access and the Graduate Author: A Dissertation Anxiety ManualOpen Access and the Future of Scholarly Communication: Implementation, edited by Kevin L. Smith and Katherine A. Dickson  (2017)( - Two chapters on dissertation anxiety from Smith and Dickson's 2017 book on open access are now freely available. Cirasella and Thistlethwaite wrote one; the other is “From Apprehension to Comprehension: Addressing Anxieties about Open Access to ETDs” by Kyle K. Courtney and Emily Kilcer. Both chapters do a good job of highlighting the many concerns that graduate students have about adding their dissertations to an institutional repository, and both suggest approaches that librarians can follow to try to assuage those fears. What we don't have yet is concrete data as to whether the potpourri of approaches that the authors suggest we try can effectively overcome the real, if often irrational, fears of graduate students. Given the concerns that all four authors have identified, it is likely that continuous education of graduate students from the moment they arrive on campus as well as education of their advisors, who were trained under a different scholarly communication environment, will be necessary. - PH

Huwe, Terence K. "Blockchain and the Library: Beyond the Numbers GameComputers in Libraries  39(1)(January/February 2019): 8 - 10. ( - For those seeking to understand how blockchain might be used in libraries, the author explains that “blockchain technology is essentially a peer-to-peer network” and provides half a dozen resources to expand on librarians’ knowledge. This peer-to-peer capability “opens opportunities to build community as well as new forms of collaboration.” The first possibility is using blockchain as a ledger to streamline metadata services. The second is to create communities of users who could use blockchain to share materials and services with each other in a digital library. Third, to embed libraries even more deeply within cities and counties as a “trusted agent” maintaining digital repositories for their funding entities. The innovative possibilities created by this disruptive technology are limited only by the imagination. - NN

Mendoza, Candelaria, and Caitlin  Cowart. "Technology Planning: Using an IT Road Map to Build the Library of the FutureComputers in Libraries  39(2)(March 2019): 4 - 8. ( - Libraries looking to do technology planning can turn to multiple books on the topic, but the San Antonio Public Library has provided a concise summary of a planning process. With 30 locations and a growing population, they needed an IT road map to create an IT infrastructure that supports their patron service goals. The authors define “road map” for those new to the concept, and then lay out their process in text and diagrams. They were able to move their road map project forward by aligning their IT goals with municipal priorities. A condensed description of the logistics of creating a team and staying on task is followed by a summary of “Key Findings and Priorities.” Finally, they give us the benefit of their experience with lists of “Success Stories,” “Lessons Learned and Tips,” and “Next Steps” for other libraries contemplating a similar initiative. - NN