Current Cites

April 2019

Edited by Roy Tennant

http://currentcites.org/2019/cc19.30.4.html

Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Warren Cheetham, Peter Hirtle, Leo Robert Klein, Nancy Nyland


Blum, Raymond, and Betsy  Beyer. "Achieving Digital PermanenceCommunications of the ACM  62(5): 36-42. (https://cacm.acm.org/magazines/2019/5/236424-achieving-digital-permanence/fulltext). - Engaging and expansive look at the challenge of data preservation with an awareness of earlier periods. "...[F]rom the 3000 BCE rations of Mesopotamian beer," relate the authors, "to the 1952 tax rolls of the state of Rhode Island". The authors then move on to their main subject, namely "information storage in the digital age". What follows is a general discussion of preservation needs and approaches. - LRK

Bogaard, Tessel, Laura  Hollink, and Jan Wielemaker, et. al. "Metadata Categorization for Identifying Search Patterns in a Digital LibraryJournal of Documentation  75(2)(2019): 270-286. (https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/JD-06-2018-0087). - Analysis of search query logs can shed some light on how patrons use online library databases, but has limitations caused by the uncontrolled vocabulary of search queries, the infrequent appearance of individual queries, and privacy concerns. This study circumvents these problems by analyzing patrons’ use of faceted searching, with its controlled vocabulary. Sessions are grouped by clickstream: “A clickstream is the navigational path a user follows, consisting of consecutive HTTP requests from a single IP address.” Sessions can then be analyzed by the facet chosen, such as geographic or chronological limits. Insights were also gained by comparing the use patterns in non- faceted searches to faceted searches. Discovering “fine-grained search patterns” in this way allowed researchers to make recommendations for improvements based on user behavior. Their method, analyzing the use of the metadata associated with search facets, revealed “distinct search patterns that are not visible from overall usage statistics.” - NN

Grayburn, Jennifer, Zack Lischer-Katz, and Kristina Golubiewski-Davis, et. al. "3D/VR in the Academic Library: Emerging Practices and TrendsThe Council on Library and Information Resources  (February 2019)(https://www.clir.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/6/2019/02/Pub-176.pdf). - The cover picture of this publication caught my eye, I thought it referred to the news articles about how 3D scans and virtual reality environments of the Notre-Dame Cathedral might be used to rebuild the cathedral after the devastating fires. Not quite, as this collection of essays was published before the fire, however its contents are useful and relevant to help address the question - who does collect, organise, store, preserve and disseminate data generated by 3D design and Virtual Reality (VR) environments? A job for librarians perhaps? This collection of essays capture just some of ways that 3D/VR is already having an impact on the creation and transfer of knowledge. Academic libraries have the expertise in research methodologies, digital publication, digital archives and the use of metadata for discovery, and in archival treatment of digital information. As well as outlining the challenges, these essays also give practical steps forward for collecting institutions. Not intended as a comprehensive guide, but more a snapshot in time, so keep an eye on this emerging (virtual) space for libraries. - WC

Memishi, Bunjamin, Raja Appuswamy, and Marcus Paradies. "Cold Storage Data Archives: More Than Just a Bunch of Tapes arXiv.org  (9 April 2019)(https://arxiv.org/abs/1904.04736). - The trouble with scientific big data is that it is big. Big as in petabytes big (a petabyte equals a million gigabytes). Is your institutional repository ready for that? No? Well, maybe it's time to rediscover magnetic tape and other "cold storage" options (such as optical media), to consider "tiered" storage, and to evaluate "active" vs. "static" archival needs. This eprint helps you get started, highlighting "(i) workload characteristics that differentiate these archives from traditional, performance-sensitive data analytics, (ii) design trade-offs involved in building cold storage systems for these archives, and (iii) deployment trade-offs with respect to migration to the public cloud." - CB

Sutton, David. Background Paper on Archives and Copyright  Geneva, Switzerland: World Intellectual Property Organization, 29 March 2019.(https://literaryartisticarchives-ica.org/2019/04/14/archives-and-copyright/). - David Sutton has done the impossible. In the 20 pages in this background paper prepared for the last meeting of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), he provides a short, accurate description of what archives are and what archivists do, followed by an analysis of the copyright concerns that archivists may have when making copies for preservation or for users. All is done in the context of international copyright laws and how they might affect cross-border research. For example, he notes that in France, one needs the permission of a copyright owner to "communicate" an unpublished work to a researcher. Placing a document on the research room table may constitute "communication." In Italy, one needs the permission of both the author and the recipient of a letter before it can be reproduced. Sutton's descriptive work illustrates wonderfully how copyright rules developed for a commercial environment can hinder the work of memory institutions. - PH